If on a piece of land a case of damage takes place, the operator, user or owner of the land reports this immediately to the competent authority. In this report the operator, user or owner indicates which measures he may have already taken in order to implement his duty of care.
The competent authority can ascertain an accident, issue a decision on the approach to take with regard to the accident, and set the measures for treating the soil contamination during an accident. The competent authority shall issue its decision within thirty days after being notified by the person, stated in Article 80, insofar as these are known to the competent authority.
If an accident has been ascertained in accordance with the first paragraph, then the provisions of Article 9, §2 and §4 are not applicable.
The measures for treatment of the soil contamination are carried out no more than one hundred and eighty days after notification of the decision stated in the first paragraph.
If the measures, stated in Article 76, §2, are comprised of processes, installations, or activities that are subject to the notification or licensing obligations pursuant to Title V of the Decree of 5 April 1995 containing general provisions regarding environmental policy or pursuant to Title IV, Chapter II of the Flemish Spatial Planning Codex, then the decision of the competent authority, stated in Article 76, §2, serves as the instrument of notification or environmental licence.
If the OVAM is of the opinion, based on the results recorded in the evaluation report, that there is still contaminated soil after the measures, stated in Article 76, §2, have been carried out and that there are clear indications that the soil contamination exceeds the soil remediation standards or threatens to exceed these, then the OVAM can order the person, stated in Article 11, to carry out a descriptive soil survey.
If based on the results included in the evaluation report the OVAM is of the opinion that there are no clear indications that the soil contamination exceeds or threatens to exceed the land remediation standards, the OVAM submits to the persons mentioned in article 80 and the competent authority a declaration in which the results of the measures carried out are established.