DEFINITIONS CONCERNING ACTIVITIES MAKING USE OF ORGANIC SOLVENTS (Chapter 5.59)

1° “installation”: a stationary technical unit where one or more activities stated in Article 5.59.1.1 are carried out, and any other directly associated activities on the same site which have a technical connection with the activities and which could have an effect on emissions and pollution;

2° “existing installation”: an installation that was operational on 29 March 1999 or an installation for which a licence was granted or notification took place before 1 April 2001, or for which a full licence application was submitted before this date, providing that the installation was brought into use a year after this date at the latest. [...]

3° “small installation”: an installation with the lowest threshold value of points 1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 13, 16, and 17 of Appendix 5.59.1 or, for the other activities of Appendix 5.59.1, which consume less than 10 tonnes of solvent per year;

significant change:

a change in the nature or functioning, or the extension of an installation which, in the opinion of the competent authority, could have significant negative effects on human health or the environment.

 

The following changes are defined as significant:

 

a)

for a small installation: a change in the nominal capacity resulting in an increase in emissions of volatile organic compounds by more than 25%;

b)

for all other installations: a change in the nominal capacity resulting in an increase in emissions of volatile organic compounds by more than 10%.

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6° “fugitive emissions”: any emissions, not in waste gases, of volatile organic compounds into air, soil or water as well as, unless stated otherwise in Appendix 5.59.1, solvents contained in any products. They include uncaptured emissions released to the outside environment via windows, doors, vents and similar openings;

7° “waste gases”: the final gaseous discharge containing volatile organic compounds or other pollutants, from a stack or abatement equipment into the air. The volumetric flow rates shall be expressed in Nm³/hour;

8° “total emission”: the sum of fugitive emissions and emissions in waste gases;

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- “mixture”: mixtures or solutions composed of two or more substances;

12° “organic compound”: any compound containing at least the element carbon and one or more hydrogen, halogens, oxygen, sulphur, phosphorus, silicon or nitrogen, with the exception of carbon oxides and inorganic carbonates and bicarbonates;

13° "volatile organic compound (VOC)": any organic compound having at 293.15 K a vapour pressure of 0.01 kPa or more, or having a corresponding volatility under the special conditions of use. The fraction of creosote which exceeds this value of vapour pressure at 293.15 K shall be considered to be a VOC;

14° “organic solvent”: any VOC which is used alone or in combination with other agents, and without undergoing a chemical change, to dissolve raw materials, products or waste materials, or is used as a cleaning agent to dissolve contaminants, or as a dissolver, or as a dispersion medium, or as a viscosity adjuster, or as a surface tension adjuster, or a plasticiser, or as a preservative;

15° “halogenated organic solvent”: an organic solvent which contains at least one atom of bromine, chlorine, fluorine or iodine per molecule;

16° “coating”: any mixture, including all the organic solvents or mixtures containing organic solvents necessary for its proper application, which is used to provide a film with decorative, protective or other functional effect on a surface;

17° “adhesive”: any mixture, including all the organic solvents or mixtures containing organic solvents necessary for its proper application, which is used to adhere separate parts of a product to one another;

18° “ink”: a mixture, including all the organic solvents or mixtures containing organic solvents necessary for its proper application, which is used in a printing activity to impress text or images on to a surface;

19° “lacquer”: a transparent coating;

20° “consumption”: the total input of organic solvents into an installation per calendar year, or any other 12-month period, less any VOCs that are recovered for reuse;

21. “input”: the quantity of organic solvents and their quantity in mixtures used when carrying out an activity, including the solvents recycled inside and outside the installation, and which are counted every time they are used to carry out the activity;

22° “reuse of organic solvents”: the use of organic solvents recovered from an installation for any technical or commercial purpose and including use as a fuel but excluding the final disposal of such recovered organic solvents as waste;

23° “mass flow”: the quantity of VOCs released, in units of mass/hour;

24° “nominal capacity”: the maximum mass input of organic solvents by an installation averaged over one day, if the installation is operated under conditions of normal operation at its design output;

25° “normal operation”: all periods of operation of an installation or activity except start-up and shut-down operations and the maintenance of equipment;

26° “closed system”: conditions under which an installation is operated such that the VOCs released from the activity are collected and discharged in a controlled way either via a stack or abatement equipment and are therefore not entirely fugitive;

27° “24-hour average”: the registered arithmetic mean of all valid readings taken during a 24-hour period of normal operation;

28° “start-up and shut-down”: operations while bringing an activity, an equipment item or a tank into or out of service or into or out of an idling state. Regularly oscillating activity phases are not to be considered as start-ups and shut-downs;

29° “vehicle”: the following categories of vehicles as defined in the Royal Decree of 15 March 1968 issuing general regulations on technical requirements for motor vehicles and their trailers, parts and safety accessories: cars defined as category M1, vans and trucks defined as categories N1, N2 and N3, truck cabins defined as the housing for the driver, and all integrated housing for the technical units intended for trucks defined as categories N1, N2 and N3, buses defined as categories M2 and M3, and trailers, including semi-trailers, defined as categories O1, O2, O3 and O4;

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