Section 5.2.3bis.
Incineration and co-incineration installations for waste materials


Subsection 5.2.3bis.1.
General conditions for incineration and co-incineration installations


Article 5.2.3bis.1.1.

 This subsection applies to establishments classified according to the following sections:

2.3.4.1.b,c,e,f,g,h,j,k,l,m;

2.3.4.2.b,c,d,e,f,g;

2.3.5.


Article 5.2.3bis.1.1bis.

§ 1.

For the purposes of this subsection, waste incineration installations and waste co-incineration installations also include all incineration lines or co-incineration lines and the provisions for receipt, storage and pre-treatment on-site of the waste, the systems for the supply of waste, fuel and air, steam boilers, the arrangements for the treatment of waste gases, the arrangements for the processing or storage on-site of residues and waste water, the stacks, as well as the equipment and systems for the regulation of the incineration or co-incineration process and the recording and monitoring of the incineration or co-incineration conditions.

 

If, for the thermal treatment of waste, use is made of processes other than oxidation, such as pyrolysis, gasification and the plasma process, the waste incineration or co-incineration installation includes both the thermal treatment process and the subsequent incineration process.

 

§ 2.

This subsection does not apply to gasification and pyrolysis installations, if the gases that are the result of the thermal treatment of waste are cleaned such that they are always comparable with natural gas in terms of nature and composition prior to their incineration.

 

§ 3.

If co-incineration of waste takes place in such a way that the installation is not principally intended for the generation of energy or the manufacture of material products, but for the heat treatment of waste, the installation is regarded as a waste incineration installation.


[...].

Article 5.2.3bis.1.2. Upon the delivery and receipt of waste materials, the operator of the incineration or co-incineration installation takes all necessary precautionary measures to prevent or limit to the greatest possible extent all harmful consequences for the environment, in particular the pollution of air, soil, surface water and groundwater as well as other negative environmental effects, odour nuisance and noise nuisance, and direct risks to public health.

Article 5.2.3bis.1.3. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.1.4.

§ 1.

Before waste materials are received at the incineration or co-incineration installation, the operator of the installation at least follows the following reception procedures:

 

check of the required documents;

check of conformity of the delivered waste materials with the written information. If relevant to this end, the waste materials are sampled and analysed in a representative way, where the parameters to be analysed are determined in such a way that conclusive verification of conformity is ensured. The samples taken are then kept for at least one month after incineration.

 

§ 2.

Before dangerous waste materials can be accepted at the incineration or co-incineration installation, the operator must also have a description of the waste materials in which the following information is specified:

the source and the origin of the waste material;

the physical and chemical composition of the waste materials, as well as all information needed to evaluate the suitability of the materials for the intended incineration process based on aspects including the analysis of the waste materials;

the dangerous properties of the waste materials, the materials with which they may not be mixed and the precautionary measures to be taken when treating the waste material;

Acceptance takes place on the basis of documents that contain the above-mentioned information.    

 


Article 5.2.3bis.1.5. The operator establishes the mass of each waste category per load, and if possible the category in accordance with the waste materials list specified in appendix 2.1 of the order of the Government of Flanders of 17 February 2012 adopting the Flemish regulations on the sustainable management of material cycles and waste materials before the waste is received by the incineration or co-incineration installation.

Article 5.2.3bis.1.6. Translation not available

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Article 5.2.3bis.1.7.

The sites of incineration and co-incineration installations, with the associated sites for the storage of waste, are designed and operated in such a way that the unlawful or accidental release of pollutants into the soil, surface water and groundwater is prevented.

 

Reception capacity is provided for the polluted rainwater draining off the site of the waste incineration or co-incineration plant and for the polluted water that comes from overflows or fire-fighting. The reception capacity is such that this water can if necessary be examined and treated before being discharged.


Article 5.2.3bis.1.8. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.1.9. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.1.10. Dangerous medical waste is directly introduced into the furnace in the specified receptacles, meaning without them first being mixed with waste materials of other categories.

Article 5.2.3bis.1.11. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.1.12. Translation not available

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Article 5.2.3bis.1.13. Translation not available

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Article 5.2.3bis.1.14. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.1.15. Translation not available

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Article 5.2.3bis.1.16. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.1.17.

§ 1.

If untreated mixed urban waste or comparable industrial waste is incinerated in a co-installation installation, the emission limit values for incineration installations apply.

 

§ 2.

If, at a co-incineration installation, more than 40% of the heat released originates from dangerous waste materials, the emission limit values for incineration installations apply.


Article 5.2.3bis.1.18.

§ 1.

If Article 5.2.3bis.1.17 is not applicable, each co-incineration installation that is operating must comply with the emission limit values [...] as described in Article 5.2.3bis.1.19 up to and including 5.2.3bis.1.22.

 

§ 2.

The calculated emission limit values apply from the first time of co-incineration, and then remain applicable even if no waste materials are co-incinerated.


Article 5.2.3bis.1.19. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.1.20. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.1.21.

The following special conditions apply to combustion plants in which waste materials are co-incinerated:

 

1° for combustion plants in which waste materials are co-incinerated, with the exception of gas turbines and stationary motors, the following process emission limit values (Cprocess) apply as daily averages, whereby the total nominal thermal input power of a combustion plant is determined using the aggregation rules defined in Articles 5.43.2.1 and 5.43.3.1 and half-hourly averages are only required to calculate the daily averages:

 

a) installations for which the first licence to operate was issued before 7 January 2013 or for which the first licence to operate was applied for before 7 January 2013, provided it was commissioned at the latest on 7 January 2014:

 

1) up to and including 31 December 2015:

 

1.1) Cprocess for solid fossil fuels, expressed as mg/Nm3 (for a reference oxygen level in the waste gases of 6%):

 

 

Pollutant
(mg/Nm3)    

< 50 MWth

50 to 100 MWth

100 to 300 MWth

> 300 MWth

SO2

 300

300

200

 200

NOx, expressed as NO

 400

 400

 200

 200

dust 

 50

 30

 30

 30

HCl

 30

 30

 30

 30

 

1.2) Cprocess for solid biomass, expressed as mg/Nm3 (for a reference oxygen level in the waste gases of 6%):

 

Pollutant
(mg/Nm3)    

< 50 MWth

50 to 100 MWth

100 to 300 MWth

> 300 MWth

SO2

 450

75

75

75

NOx, expressed as NO

600/300*

300

300

200

dust 

 50

15

15

15

HCl

 50

15

15

15

 

(*) For installations with a total nominal thermal input power up to and including 30 MW, an emission limit value of 600 mg/Nm3 applies to nitrogen oxides (NOx) expressed as NO2. For installations with a total nominal thermal input power greater than 30 MW, an emission limit value of 300 mg/Nm3 applies.

 

1.3) Cprocess for liquid fuels, expressed as mg/Nm3 (for a reference oxygen level in the waste gases of 3%):

 

Pollutant
(mg/Nm3)    

< 50 MWth

50 to 100 MWth

100 to 300 MWth

> 300 MWth

SO2

 150

150

150

150

NOx, expressed as NO

300

300

200

200

dust 

 50

30

30

30

HCl

 30

30

30

30

 

2) from 1 January 2016:

2.1) Cprocess for solid fossil fuels, expressed as mg/Nm3 (for a reference oxygen level in the waste gases of 6%): 

 

Pollutant
(mg/Nm3)    

< 50 MWth

50 to 100 MWth

100 to 300 MWth

> 300 MWth

SO2

 300

300

200

100

NOx, expressed as NO

400

300

200

150

dust 

 50

30

20

10

HCl

 30

30

30

30

 

2.2) Cprocess for solid biomass, expressed as mg/Nm3 (for a reference oxygen level in the waste gases of 6%): 

 

Pollutant
(mg/Nm3)    

< 50 MWth

50 to 100 MWth

100 to 300 MWth

> 300 MWth

SO2

 450

75

75

75

NOx, expressed as NO

600/300*

300

250

150

dust 

 50

15

15

10

HCl

 50

15

15

15

 

(*) For installations with a total nominal thermal input power up to and including 30 MW, an emission limit value of 600 mg/Nm3 applies to nitrogen oxides (NOx) expressed as NO2. For installations with a total nominal thermal input power greater than 30 MW, an emission limit value of 300 mg/Nm3 applies.

 

2.3) Cprocess for liquid fuels, expressed as mg/Nm3 (for a reference oxygen level in the waste gases of 3%): 

 

Pollutant
(mg/Nm3)    

< 50 MWth

50 to 100 MWth

100 to 300 MWth

> 300 MWth

SO2

 150

150

150

100

NOx, expressed as NO

300

300

200

150

dust 

 50

30

20

10

HCl

 30

30

30

30

 

b) installations for which the first licence to operate was applied for on or after 7 January 2013 or which was commissioned after 7 January 2014:

 

1) Cprocess for solid fossil fuels, expressed as mg/Nm3 (for a reference oxygen level in the waste gases of 6%):

 

Pollutant
(mg/Nm3)    

< 50 MWth

50 to 100 MWth

100 to 300 MWth

> 300 MWth

SO2

 300

200

100

60

NOx, expressed as NO

300

150

100

60

dust 

 50

10

10

6

HCl

 30

30

30

30

 

2) Cprocess for solid biomass, expressed as mg/Nm3 (for a reference oxygen level in the waste gases of 6%):

 

Pollutant
(mg/Nm3)    

< 50 MWth

50 to 100 MWth

100 to 300 MWth

> 300 MWth

SO2

 450

75

75

60

NOx, expressed as NO

450/300*

150

150

60

dust 

 50

10

10

6

HCl

 50

15

15

15

 

(*) For installations with a total nominal thermal input power up to and including 30 MW, an emission limit value of 450 mg/Nm3 applies to nitrogen oxides (NOx) expressed as NO2. For installations with a total nominal thermal input power greater than 30 MW, an emission limit value of 300 mg/Nm3 applies.

 

3) Cprocess for liquid fuels, expressed as mg/Nm3 (for a reference oxygen level in the waste gases of 3%): 

 

Pollutant
(mg/Nm3)    

< 50 MWth

50 to 100 MWth

100 to 300 MWth

> 300 MWth

SO2

 150

150

100

60

NOx, expressed as NO

300

150

100

60

dust 

 50

10

10

6

HCl

 30

30

30

30

 

i. 2° For combustion plants, with the exception of gas turbines and stationary motors, in which waste materials are co-incinerated, the following total emission limit values (Ctotal) Ctotal apply to heavy metals (mg/Nm3), expressed as averages that are calculated over a sampling period of at least 30 minutes and at most eight hours for a reference oxygen level in the waste gases of 6% for solid fuels and 3% for liquid fuels: 

 

Pollutant

Ctotal (mg/Nm3)

Cd + Tl

0.05

Hg

0.05

Sb + As + Pb + Cr + Co + Cu + Mn + Ni + V + Sn

0.5

 

ii. Ctotal for dioxins and furans (ng TEQ/Nm3), expressed as averages that are calculated over a sampling period of at least six hours and at most eight hours for a reference oxygen level in the waste gases of 6% for solid fuels and 3% for liquid fuels:

 

Pollutant   

Ctotal (ng TEQ/Nm3)

Dioxins and furans

0.1

 

For the continuous sampling of dioxins and furans a threshold value of 0.1 ng TEQ/Nm³ applies. 

 


Article 5.2.3bis.1.22.

Special conditions apply for industrial sectors co-incinerating waste materials that do not fall under Article 5.2.3bis.1.20 or 1.21.

 

The following total emission limit values apply:

 

Ctotal: expressed in mg/Nm3. All average values are calculated over a sampling period of at least 30 minutes and at most eight hours:

 

Pollutant

Ctotal (mg/Nm3)

Cd + Tl

0.05

Hg

0.05

 

Ctotal expressed in ng TEQ/Nm3. All average values are calculated over a sampling period of at least six hours and at most eight hours:

 

Pollutant

Ctotal (ng TEQ/Nm3)

Dioxins and furans

0.1

 

For the continuous sampling of dioxins and furans a threshold value of 0.1 ng TEQ/Nm³ applies.

 

Emissions: water


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Article 5.2.3bis.1.23. Translation not available

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Article 5.2.3bis.1.24.

§ 1.

Measuring equipment is installed and techniques are used for the monitoring of the parameters, the conditions and the mass concentrations relevant to the process of incineration or co-incineration.

 

§ 2.

All measurement and analysis results are kept available for perusal by the supervisory authority. Each month the operator sends an overview of the results to the supervisory authority. The results of the discontinuous measurements of dioxins and furans are submitted as soon as possible and preferably within a month of performing the measurements. All results are registered, processed and presented in an appropriate manner so that the supervisory authority can ascertain whether the set conditions and emission limit values are being complied with.

 

§ 3.

The quality assurance of the automated measuring systems is performed according to CEN standards. The code of good practice is also applied in addition to the CEN standards. The automated measuring systems are checked at least once a year using parallel measurements with the reference measurement methods and are calibrated at least once every three years by a recognised laboratory in the discipline of air as specified in Article 6, 5°, b) of VLAREL.

 

[...]

 

The equipment for continuous dioxin sampling is inspected at least every three years according to a code of good practice.

 

The operator informs the division responsible for enforcing environmental regulations of the results of the inspection of the automated measuring systems.


Article 5.2.3bis.1.25.

§ 1.

Measurements to determine the concentration of substances discharged in the air must be representative.

 

§ 2.

The sampling and analysis of the pollutants in question, including dioxins and furans, as well as the reference measurement methods for calibrating the automated measuring systems, are carried out according to the measurement methods specified in appendix 4.4.2. or, if no measuring methods are specified there, in accordance with CEN standards.

 

If no CEN standards exist, ISO standards, national or other international standards are applied that guarantee that information of an equivalent scientific quality is provided.

 

§ 3.

The value of the 95% reliability interval determined for the daily average emission limit values may not exceed the following percentages of the emission limit values:

 

CO

10%

total dust

30%

total organic carbon

30%

HCl

40%

HF

40%

SO2

20%

NOx

20%


Article 5.2.3bis.1.26. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.1.27.

§ 1.

The half-hourly averages and ten-minute averages are determined during the time the installation is operational (the times necessary for starting up and shutting down are not included to the extent that during those times no waste materials are incinerated) on the basis of the measured values from which the value of the reliability interval of Article 5.2.3bis.1.25, §3 is deducted. The daily averages are determined on the basis of those validated average values.

 

A daily average is only valid if for the day in question no more than five half-hourly averages are omitted as a result of faults or as a result of the maintenance of the system for continuous measurements. Each year no more than ten daily averages may be omitted as a result of faults or maintenance of the system for continuous measurements.

 

§ 2.

The emission limit values for the continuous measurements are considered to have been complied with if, of the validated measuring results:

 

1° for dust, TOC, HCl, HF, SO2, NOx:

 

a) none of the daily averages is higher than the emission limit values set in Article 5.2.3bis.1.15, 2° (incineration installations) or in Article 5.2.3bis.1.19, Article 5.2.3bis.1.20, 1°, and Article 5.2.3bis.1.21, 1° (co-incineration installations);

 

b) or none of the half-hourly averages is higher than the emission limit values set for incineration installations in column A of Article 5.2.3bis.1.15, 2°, or, where appropriate, 97% of the half-hourly averages over the year are not higher than the emission limit values established for the same parameters in column B of Article 5.2.3bis.1.15, 2°;

 

2° for CO in incineration installations:

 

a) 97% of the daily averages over the year are not higher than the emission limit value in Article 5.2.3bis.1.15, 1°;

 

b) or at least 95% of all determinations of 10-minute averages, or all determinations of half-hourly averages during a random period of 24 hours, meet the respective emission limit values determined in Article 5.2.3bis.1.15, 1°, b);

 

3° for CO in co-incineration installations, none of the half-hourly averages is higher than the emission limit values derived according to Article 5.2.3bis.1.19 or set in accordance with Article 5.2.3bis.1.20, 2°.

 

§ 3.

For discontinuous measurements of the concentrations of pollutants in waste gases, the emission limit values are considered to be complied with if, of the measurement results (allowance made for a measurement accuracy of 30%):

 

the average over the sampling period for HCl, HF, SO2 is not higher than the emission limit values in column A of Article 5.2.3bis.1.15, 2° for incineration installations or the emission limit values for co-incineration installations derived according to Article 5.2.3bis.1.19;

[...]

none of the average values over the sampling period set for heavy metals and dioxins and furans is higher than the emission limit values determined in Article 5.2.3bis.1.15, 3° and 4° for incineration installations, or the emission limit values determined in Article 5.2.3bis.1.20, 1°, Article 5.2.3bis.1.21, 2°, and Article 5.2.3bis.1.22 for co-incineration installations;

[...]


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Article 5.2.3bis.1.28.

§ 1.

Measuring equipment is installed and techniques are used for the monitoring of the parameters, the conditions and the mass concentrations relevant to the process of incineration or co-incineration.

 

§ 2.

The practical implementation of the sampling and measurements is approved in advance by a recognised laboratory in the discipline of water, specified in Article 6, 5°, a) of VLAREL, unless the sampling and measurements are carried out by a recognised laboratory in the discipline of water, specified in Article 6, 5°, a) of VLAREL itself.

 

 

The same applies for the location of the sampling or the measurement point.

 

 

§ 3.

A recognised laboratory in the discipline of water, sub-area waste water, specified in Article 6, 5°, a) of VLAREL, checks that the automatic equipment for the monitoring of emissions into water is correctly installed and in working order.

 

A verification test is provided each year.

 

This is checked at least every three years by means of parallel measurements in accordance with the reference methods.

 

The operator submits a copy of the inspection reports to the supervisor each year.

 

§ 4.

All results are recorded, processed and presented in an appropriate manner so that the supervisor can ascertain whether the conditions and emission limit values are being complied with.


Article 5.2.3bis.1.29.

§ 1.

Measurements to determine the concentration of water-polluting substances must be representative.

 

§ 2.

The sampling and analysis of all pollutants in water, including dioxins and furans, the quality assurance of automated measuring systems, as well as the reference measurements for the calibration of automatic measuring systems, must be carried out according to the measuring methods included in appendix 4.2.5.2 of this order. If no standards are included, CEN standards must be used. If no CEN standards exist, ISO standards, national standards or international standards must be used that guarantee that information of an equivalent scientific quality is provided.

 

§ 3.

The check of measurement results is performed by the supervisory authority according to Article 4.2.6.1 of this Order.


Article 5.2.3bis.1.30.

§ 1.

On the initiative and at the expense of the operator, at least the following measurements must be performed on purified waste water originating from waste gas cleaning:

 

continuous measurement of the operational control parameters pH, temperature and flow rate;

daily measurement of the total quantity of suspended solids by means of a dip sample or a twenty-four hour pooled sample proportionate to the flow rate;

at least monthly measurements of substances 2 up to and including 10 specified in Article 5.2.3bis.1.23, § 2, by means of a twenty-four hour pooled sample proportionate to the flow rate;

measurements of dioxins and furans by means of a dip sample at least every six months. This measurement must take place at the same time as the measurement of dioxins and furans in the waste gases. During the first operating period of twelve months the measurements must, however, take place at least every three months.

 

§ 2.

If waste water generated by the cleaning of waste gases is purified on-site along with waste water from other sources at the installation, the operator performs the measurements described in § 1 to arrive at a mass balance calculation in the following places:

 

in the waste water flow from the flue gas cleaning processes before mixing with other waste waters;

in the other waste water flow or flows;

at the point where the waste water is ultimately discharged by the incineration or co-incineration installation.


Article 5.2.3bis.1.31.

Without prejudice to the provisions included in section 4.2.6 of this order, the emission limit values for waste water originating from waste gas cleaning are considered to have been complied with if:

 

during measurements of the total quantity of suspended solids, 95% and 100% of the measured values do not exceed the respective emission limit values;

during measurements of heavy metals, the emission limit values are exceeded no more than once a year;

during measurements of dioxins and furans, the emission limit value is not exceeded.


[...].

Article 5.2.3bis.1.32.

§ 1.

The generation of residues during the operation of the incineration or co-incineration installation and their harmfulness are restricted to a minimum.

 

§ 2.

Before the processing method for residues from incineration and co-incineration installations is set, appropriate tests and analyses are performed to ascertain the physical and chemical properties and polluting capacity of the different incineration residues. The analyses at least cover the total soluble fraction and the soluble fraction of heavy metals.

 

Where applicable the residues are recycled, in the installation itself or outside it.

 

§ 3.

The ash, fly ash and other residues from incineration are kept separate to enable the most suitable form of processing.

 

§ 4.

Dry residues in the form of dust, for example boiler ash and dry residues from waste gas treatment, are transported and temporarily stored in the installation or on the site in such a way that dispersal into the environment is avoided, for example in closed containers or in a closed storage area intended for this purpose.

 

§ 5.

Ash, fly ash and other residues must be removed in a dust-proof way. The temperature of the ash, fly ash and other residues may not be higher than 60°C on leaving the installation.


[...].

Article 5.2.3bis.1.33.

§ 1.

Should measurements performed show that the emission limit values for discharging in the air have been exceeded, the operator immediately reports this to the supervisory authority. The operator of an incineration installation does not keep the installation operational if the emission limit values cannot be complied with, and immediately takes the necessary measures to modify the installation so that all emission limit values are complied with, or puts the installation out of operation. The operator of a co-incineration installation does not continue co-incinerating if the emission limit values cannot be complied with, and immediately takes the necessary measures to modify the installation so that all emission limit values are complied with, or puts the installation out of operation.

 

§ 2.

If the measurement result of the continuous sampling of dioxins and furans [...] exceeds the threshold value of 0.1 ng TEQ/Nm³:

 

the operator informs the supervisory authority of this immediately

the operator immediately takes the necessary measures to reduce the dioxin emissions;

the operator has a measurement performed over a sampling period of at least six hours and at most eight hours according to standard NBN EN 1948 as soon as possible.

The supervisory authority is informed of the measures taken as soon as possible by means of a report, and can impose supplementary point measurements as appropriate.

 

§ 3.

Without prejudice to the provisions of §4, and by way of derogation from the provisions of §1, the operator stops any exceeding of the emission limit value for dioxins and furans with the incineration of waste materials, and this at the latest 48 hours after becoming aware of the measurement results.

 

The restarting of the incineration of waste materials is only possible with the permission of the supervisory authority. Within ten days of restarting operations, over three consecutive days the operator has measurements performed of dioxins and furans in the waste gases over a sampling period of at least six hours and at most eight hours according to standard NBN EN 1948, and provides the results of this to the supervisory authority within fourteen calendar days.

 

§ 4.

At the operator's request, the supervisory authority can grant permission to derogate from the provisions of § 3. This permission may only be granted if the operator demonstrates that necessary and sufficient measures have been taken or are immediately being taken to limit emissions to a concentration that is lower than the emission limit value. The supervisory authority will assess the measures on-site. In this case, within one month and over three consecutive days the operator has measurements of dioxins and furans in the waste gases performed over a sampling period of at least six hours and at most eight hours according to standard NBN EN 1948 to confirm the effectiveness of the measures taken. The results are submitted to the supervisory authority within fourteen days.


[...].

Article 5.2.3bis.1.34.

§ 1.

In the case of technically unavoidable shutdowns, malfunctions or faults in waste gas cleaning installations, over at most four hours the concentrations of the pollutants emitted into the air may exceed the specified emission limit values. Incineration or co-incineration installations may under no circumstances proceed with the incineration of waste materials for longer than four consecutive hours. Moreover, the total duration in which incineration or co-incineration installations operate in such circumstances during one year must be less than 60 hours. This period of 60 hours applies to those lines of the whole incineration or co-incineration installation that are connected to one single waste gas cleaning installation.

 

§ 2.

In this case the total dust level of emissions into the air from an incineration installation may under no circumstances exceed a half-hourly average of 150 mg/Nm³. Nor may the emission limit values for CO and TOC in the air be exceeded. All other conditions regarding incineration must also be complied with.

 

§ 3.

In the case of another fault, the operator must reduce operation (incineration) as soon as practicable, or shut down the furnace until normal operation is again possible. At installations where not only waste materials are incinerated, the incineration of waste materials as an addition is discontinued.


[...].

Article 5.2.3bis.1.35.

§ 1.

Each calendar year the operator draws up a technical report detailing the incineration and co-incineration activities over the past year. To compile this report the operator can make use of other documents that must be submitted to the competent authority.

 

§ 2.

The technical report includes:

 

the nature, origin and quantities of the delivered waste materials;

a graphic representation of the course of emissions of water and air with the measurement results before and after the deduction of the reliability interval, and that regarding the emission limit values;

an overview of the operation of the installation (hours of operation, downtime for maintenance, emergency stops, malfunctions in the waste gas cleaning installation) and the fixed emission measuring equipment;

if relevant, the energetic performance of the installation mentioning the quantity of heat that was recovered or the quantity of electricity that was generated.

 

§ 3.

Each calendar year the operator also draws up a non-technical report that gives a brief account of the information in the technical report in terms understandable by the general public.

 

§ 4.

The reports meant in paragraph 1 and paragraph 3 are submitted to the supervisory authority and to the Public Waste Agency of Flanders at the latest by 1 April of the year after the calendar year to which they relate. A copy of the reports is also sent to the municipal council concerned [...].


Article 5.2.3bis.1.36. Translation not available

[...].

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Article 5.2.3bis.1.37. [...]

Subsection 5.2.3bis.2.
Conditions for experimental incineration and co-incineration installations


Article 5.2.3bis.2.1. These conditions apply to establishments classified according to section 2.3.4.3 of the classification list.

Article 5.2.3bis.2.2. The date and the nature of each experiment must be reported to the supervisory authority at least one week in advance.

Article 5.2.3bis.2.3. Translation not available

Subsection 5.2.3bis.3.
Conditions for animal crematoria


Article 5.2.3bis.3.1. Without prejudice to the Animal By-products Regulation and its implementing Regulation (EU) No 142/2011, this subsection applies to the establishments meant in section 2.3.4.1, i) of the classification list.

Article 5.2.3bis.3.2. In conjunction with the delivery and receipt of cadavers, the operator of the installation takes all necessary precautionary measures to avoid or insofar as feasible limit any negative consequences for the environment, in particular the pollution of air, soil, surface water and groundwater, as well as odour nuisance and noise nuisance, and direct risks to public health.

Article 5.2.3bis.3.3.

§ 1.

Installations may under no circumstances accept livestock and poultry, not even if kept as pets.

 

§ 2.

The cadavers must be stored chilled. The cold storage area must be regularly cleaned and disinfected with a recognised disinfectant.

 

§ 3.

If possible the cadavers must be immediately placed in the furnace without being touched.


Article 5.2.3bis.3.4. By way of derogation from the general conditions for the processing of waste materials, no weighbridge is required.

Article 5.2.3bis.3.5.

§ 1.

The installations are designed, equipped, built and operated in such a way that, even in the most unfavourable circumstances, the gas generated during the process after the last supply of combustion air is heated in a controlled and homogeneous way to a temperature of 850°C, measured for two seconds close to the inside wall or at another representative place in the combustion chamber approved by the supervisory authority.

 

§ 2.

Each installation from 50 kg/h must be fitted with at least one auxiliary burner. This burner must be activated automatically if the temperature of the combustion gases after the last supply of combustion air drops below 850°C. It must also be used when the installation is being started up or shut down to ensure that the temperature of 850°C is maintained throughout the activities in question as long as there is unburned material in the combustion chamber.

 

§ 3.

Installations from 50 kg/h must have and use an automatic system to prevent cadavers being supplied:

 

a)

when starting up before the required incinerating temperature of 850°C is reached; and

b)

when the required incinerating temperature of 850°C is not maintained.


Article 5.2.3bis.3.6. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.3.7.

§ 1.

Each installation from 50kg/h must have and use temperature measuring equipment.

 

§ 2.

The competent authority checks if all automatic monitoring equipment is appropriately installed and in working order. [...] 


Article 5.2.3bis.3.8.

§ 1.

Each animal crematorium complies with the following conditions when operating. The emission limit values relate to a reference oxygen level of 11%:

the following emission limit values apply to the discharged waste gases:

Dust

Emission limit value in mg/Nm³

total dust

30

sulphur dioxide

300

NOx, expressed as NO2

400

 

The concentration of these substances in the waste gases is measured at least annually by a recognised laboratory in the discipline of air as specified in Article 6, 5°, b) of VLAREL;

during normal operation, no precipitation of water drops from the waste gases may occur in the surrounding area; 

the following emission limit value for dioxins and furans applies:

Emission limit value in ng TEQ/Nm³

dioxins and furans

0.1

 

The average values are determined over a sampling period of at least six hours and at most eight hours. The emission limit value relates to the total concentration of dioxins and furans calculated using the concept of "toxic equivalence".

 

The mass concentration of dioxins and furans is measured at least every two years according to the requirements of the standard NBN EN 1948 by a recognised laboratory in the discipline of air as specified in Article 6, 5°, b) of VLAREL.

 

Each measured emission value of dioxins and furans must meet the emission limit value set, allowance made for the accuracy specified to in Article 4.4.4.2, §5.



 

§ 2.

Should the measurements taken show that one or more emission limit values have been exceeded, the operator reports this immediately to the supervisor and take the necessary measures to comply with the emission limit values.

 

§ 3.

All measurement results are recorded and presented in an appropriate manner.


Subsection 5.2.3bis.4.
Conditions for incineration and co-incineration installations for biomass waste


Article 5.2.3bis.4.1.

This section applies to the establishments as specified in sections 2.3.4.1, a) and 2.3.4.2, a) of the classification list.

 

The conditions of subsection 5.2.3bis.1 apply if the energy released during incineration is not recovered.


Article 5.2.3bis.4.2. Upon the delivery and receipt of waste materials, the operator of the incineration or co-incineration installation takes all necessary precautionary measures to prevent or insofar as feasible limit all harmful consequences for the environment, in particular the pollution of air, soil, surface water and groundwater as well as other negative environmental effects, odour nuisance and noise nuisance, and direct risks to public health.

Article 5.2.3bis.4.3. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.4.4.

Before the waste materials are received at the incineration or co-incineration installation, the operator of the installation follows at least the following procedure for receipt:

check of the required documents;

check of conformity of the delivered waste materials with the written information.

 

If relevant, the waste materials are sampled and analysed in a representative manner to this end. The parameters to be analysed are so determined that a conclusive check of conformity is ensured. The samples taken are then kept for at least one month after incineration.


Article 5.2.3bis.4.5.

The operator establishes the mass of each waste category per load, and if possible the category in accordance with the waste materials list specified in appendix 2.1 of the order of the Government of Flanders of 17 February 2012 adopting the Flemish regulations on the sustainable management of material cycles and waste materials before the waste is received by the incineration or co-incineration installation.

 

For installations and establishments where only biomass waste produced by the company itself is incinerated or co-incinerated at the place where the waste was produced, the first paragraph and Article 5.2.3bis.4.4 are not applicable.


Article 5.2.3bis.4.6.

The locations of incineration and co-incineration installations, with the associated sites for the storage of biomass waste, are designed and operated in such a way that the unlawful and accidental release of pollutants into soil, surface water and groundwater is prevented.

 

The storage area for the supplied waste materials is protected to such an extent that accidents during the unloading of the waste materials are avoided.


Article 5.2.3bis.4.7. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.4.8.

§ 1.

In case of doubt between "non-polluted treated" and "polluted treated" wood waste, the following table of guide values for potential pollutants applies. This table contains A values and B values for possibly present pollutants in the form of heavy metals and halogenated organic compounds, as follows:

 

 Composition conditions in mg/kg DS

Pollutant

A

B

Arsenic and arsenic compounds, expressed as arsenic (As)

2

4

Copper and copper compounds, expressed as copper (Cu)

20

40

Lead and lead compounds, expressed as lead (Pb)

90

180

Chromium and chromium compounds, expressed as chromium (Cr)

30

60

Fluorine and fluorine compounds, expressed as fluorine (F)

30

60

Chlorine and chlorine compounds, expressed as chlorine (Cl)

600

1200

Pentachlorophenol

3

6

Benzo[a]pyrene

0.5

1

 

The conditions for determining whether these composition conditions are met are set in paragraph 6.

 

§ 2.

For incineration and co-incineration installations in which non-polluted treated wood waste is incinerated, on the initiative and at the expense of the operator analyses of at least the parameters specified in paragraph 1 are performed on the treated wood waste to be incinerated: 

for installations with a total nominal thermal input power up to and including 5 MW:

a)

annual sampling and analysis of the incineration of treated wood waste, originating from the installation's own production of wood materials; 

b)

quarterly sampling and analysis of the incineration of treated wood waste originating from third parties;

for installations with a total nominal thermal input power of over 5 MW:

a)

six-monthly sampling and analysis of the incineration of treated wood waste, originating from the installation's own production of wood materials;

b)

quarterly sampling and analysis of the incineration of treated wood waste originating from third parties;

 

§ 3.

The sampling must take place per waste material flow that is incinerated. If the waste materials to be incinerated are supplied under the same Eural code by different suppliers, the sampling of the waste material flow must take place per supplier. No analyses are required for fractions of untreated wood waste or purely mechanically-treated wood waste.

 

§ 4.

Analyses of wood waste can also be provided by suppliers of the wood waste to be incinerated, or suppliers of materials from which the wood waste to be incinerated is produced. These analyses are delivered at the frequency specified in paragraph 2. Analyses from suppliers of wood materials are not accepted if the operator is to perform further processes on the wood that may cause pollution.

 

§ 5.

The sampling and analysis of the wood waste are carried out by a recognised laboratory in the discipline of waste materials and other materials specified in Article 6, 5°, e) of VLAREL.

 

All analysis results are kept available for perusal by the supervisor.

 

§ 6.

The composition conditions specified in paragraph 1 are complied with if per waste material flow and per supplier:

 

during the annual sampling, none of the concentrations specified in column B is exceeded;

during six-monthly sampling, none of the concentrations specified in column B is exceeded, and per calendar year at least one of the two measurements meets the concentrations in column A;

during quarterly sampling, none of the concentrations specified in column B is exceeded, and per calendar year at least three of the four measurements meet the concentrations in column A;

during more than four measurements a year, none of the concentrations specified in column B is exceeded, and per calendar year at least 80% of the measurements meet the concentrations in column A.


Article 5.2.3bis.4.9.

The provisions of chapter 5.43 that apply to the incineration and co-incineration of biomass waste apply to incineration and co-incineration installations for biomass waste.

 

The provisions specified in chapter 5.43 that apply to the incineration and co-incineration of biomass waste and which have been set for installations with a total nominal thermal input power of 0.3 up to and including 1 MW apply to installations with a total nominal thermal input power of less than 0.3 MW.


Article 5.2.3bis.4.10. Translation not available

Article 5.2.3bis.4.11.

§ 1.

In the case of directly heated wood chip dryers, by way of derogation from and excluding all general emission limit values as stated in chapter 4.4 and by way of derogation from the sectoral emission limit values stated in Article 5.2.3bis.4.9 and Article 5.2.3bis.4.10, the emission limit values specified in Article 5.19.1.4, §3 apply.

 

§ 2.

In the case of directly heated wood chip dryers, by way of derogation from and excluding all general measurement frequencies as stipulated in chapter 4.4 and by way of derogation from the sectoral measurement frequencies as specified in Article 5.2.3bis.4.10, the measurement frequencies as specified in Article 5.19.1.4, §7 apply.

 

§ 3.

By way of derogation from Article 5.2.3bis.4.10, for directly heated wood chip dryers chapter 4.4 applies to the measuring method and the assessment of the measuring results.


Article 5.2.3bis.4.12. If, at incineration or co-incineration installations for biomass waste, it appears from the measurements that one or more emission limit values has/have been exceeded, the operator reports this immediately to the supervisor stating the measures that will be taken to comply with the emission limit values as soon as possible.

Article 5.2.3bis.4.13. The heat created by incineration or co-incineration is applied for useful purposes to the greatest possible extent according to the best available techniques.

Article 5.2.3bis.4.14.

The ash, fly ash and other residues from incineration are kept separate to allow the most suitable processing method possible, taking into account the hierarchy relating to the processing of waste materials specified in Article 4.1.6.2.

 

The removal of ash, fly ash and other residues must take place in a dust-proof way.