Article 4.

1.

This Decree contributes to the attainment of objectives relating to sustainable development, as mentioned in Article 7bis of the consolidated Constitution.

2.

The aim of this Decree is to lay down measures for the creation of material cycles where:

1

human health and the environment are protected against the harmful influence of the production and management of waste;

2

the depletion of renewable and non-renewable resources, the wasting of materials and energy in general and the harmful effects on humans and the environment connected to the use and consumption of materials are countered.

3.

In particular, this Decree lays down measures:

1

which always strive for the best result for the environment and health, taking into account the effects occurring throughout the entire life cycle, and where the following hierarchy is used to determine the order of priority:

a)

the prevention of waste and a more efficient use and consumption of materials which are less taxing on the environment via adapted production and consumption patterns;

b)

preparing waste for reuse;

c)

the recycling of waste and the use of materials in closed material cycles;

d)

other forms of recovery of waste, such as energy recovery and the use of materials as sources of energy;

e)

waste disposal, with landfilling as the last option;

2

to ensure that the management of material cycles and waste is carried out without endangering human health or having any harmful effects on the environment, in particular:

a)

without risk to water, air, soil, plants or animals, or climate;

b)

without causing a nuisance through noise or odours;

c)

without adversely affecting the countryside or places of special interest.