Section 2.5.2.
Policy tasks


Subsection 2.5.2.1.
General provisions


Article 2.5.2.1.1. This Section provides for the transposition of Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe.

Article 2.5.2.1.2.

This Section sets out measures aimed at:

1° 

describing and establishing the aims for air quality in order to prevent, impede or reduce harmful consequences for human health and the environment as a whole;

assessing air quality on the basis of common methods and criteria;

obtaining data on air quality, to help combat air pollution and nuisance and monitor the long-term trends and improvements that are the result of measures;

ensuring that the data on air quality are made available to the public;

maintaining good air quality, and improving it in other cases;

promoting greater cooperation between the Member States of the European Union in reducing air pollution.


Article 2.5.2.1.3.

§ 1.

The following institutions and bodies are competent with regard to the implementation of Section 2.5.2:

 

1°  the Flanders Environment Agency is charged with:
  a)  assessment of the air quality;
  b)  ensuring the accuracy of measurements;
  c)  analysis of the assessment methods;
  d)   cooperation with the other Member States and the European Commission regarding assessment of air quality and ensuring the quality of measuring methods;
the Interregional Centre for the Environment (IRCEL) as stated in Article 6 of the agreement of cooperation between the Brussels-Capital, Flemish and Walloon Regions of 18 May 1994 related to the supervision of emissions in the air and the structuring of information, is charged with:
  a)  the coordination of reports to the European Commission;
  b)  the coordination of any Community programmes for quality assurance organised by the European Commission;
the division, competent for air pollution, is charged with:
  a) proposing measures, air quality plans and short-term action plans to improve air quality to the Flemish minister;
  b) cooperation with the other Member States and the European Commission;
the Flemish minister is charged with:
  a) submitting measures, air quality plans and short-term action plans to improve air quality to the Government of Flanders;
  b) the recognition of the measuring systems (methods, equipment, networks and laboratories). The competent institutions and bodies stated in paragraph 1 shall, where applicable, comply with the provisions of Appendix 2.5.3.1, Part C.

 

 

 

§ 2.

The Flanders Environment Agency shall send a copy of the information stated in paragraph 1, 1° to the Division, competent for air pollution.


Article 2.5.2.1.4. The Flanders Environment Agency shall subdivide the entire territory into zones and agglomerations. Air quality assessment and management shall take place in all zones and agglomerations.

Subsection 2.5.2.2.
Assessment of the air quality


Article 2.5.2.2.1.

§ 1.

The upper and lower assessment thresholds stated in Appendix 2.5.3.2, Part A apply to sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide.

 

Each zone and agglomeration is subdivided on the basis of the assessment thresholds.

 

§ 2.

The classification stated in paragraph 1 shall be reviewed at least every five years according to the procedure stated in Appendix 2.5.3.2, Part B.

 

The subdivision shall be reviewed more frequently if there are significant changes in the activities that are relevant for the concentrations of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide or, if applicable, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene or carbon monoxide.


Article 2.5.2.2.2.

§ 1.

The Flanders Environment Agency shall assess the air quality in all zones and agglomerations for the polluting substances stated in Article 2.5.2.2.1, in accordance with the criteria stated in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4, and in accordance with the criteria listed in Appendix 2.5.3.3.

 

§ 2.

In all zones and agglomerations where the level of the polluting substances stated in paragraph 1 exceeds the established upper threshold limit for those polluting substances, fixed measurements shall be used to assess the air quality. These fixed measurements may be supplemented with modelling techniques or indicative measurements to obtain adequate information on the spatial distribution of the air quality.

 

§ 3.

In all zones and agglomerations where the level of the polluting substances stated in paragraph 1 is lower than the established upper threshold limit for those polluting substances, a combination of fixed measurements and modelling techniques or indicative measurements may be used to assess the air quality.

 

§ 4.

In all zones and agglomerations where the level of the polluting substances stated in paragraph 1 is lower than the established lower threshold limit for those polluting substances, modelling techniques or objective estimation techniques or both shall suffice to assess the air quality.

 

§ 5.

Besides the assessments stated in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4, measurements shall be carried out at background locations in rural areas, located a certain distance from major sources of air pollution. These measurements shall at least provide information on the total mass concentration and the concentrations of the chemical compounds of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in terms of the annual average, and shall be carried out in accordance with the following criteria:

a sampling point shall be established for every 100,000 km²;

2° 

at least one measuring station or, by mutual agreement with the neighbouring countries, one or more joint measuring stations shall be established that cover the relevant neighbouring zones, to guarantee the required spatial resolution;

if applicable, the monitoring shall be coordinated with the monitoring strategy and the measuring cooperative programme for monitoring and evaluation of the long-range transmissions of air pollutants in Europe (EMEP);

Parts A and C of Appendix 2.5.3.1 apply to the data quality targets for measurements of mass concentrations of particulate matter, and Appendix 2.5.3.4 applies in its entirety.

 

The Flanders Environment Agency shall inform the European Commission through the appropriate channels of the measuring methods used to measure the chemical composition of fine particulate matter (PM2.5). 


Article 2.5.2.2.3.

§ 1.

The location of the sampling points for measuring sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air is determined in accordance with the criteria stated in Appendix 2.5.3.3.

 

§ 2.

In each zone or agglomeration where fixed measurements are the only source of data for assessing the air quality, the number of sampling points for each polluting substance in question may not be less than the minimum number of sampling points stated in Appendix 2.5.3.5, Part A.

 

§ 3.

In zones and agglomerations where the data from sampling points for fixed measurements are supplemented by data obtained from modelling or indicative measurements, the total number of sampling points stated in Appendix 2.5.3.5, Part A may be reduced by up to 50% if the following conditions have been met:

the supplementary methods provide sufficient data to assess the air quality in relation to limit values or alarm thresholds, as well as adequate data for the public;
the number of sampling points to be established and the spatial resolution of the other techniques are sufficient to determine the concentration of the polluting substance in question in accordance with the data quality targets stated in Appendix 2.5.3.1, Part A, and allow assessment results that meet the criteria stated in Appendix 2.5.3.1, Part B.  

 

The results of modelling or indicative measurements are taken into account when assessing the air quality for limit values.


Article 2.5.2.2.4. The reference measuring methods and criteria stated in Appendix 2.5.3.6, Parts A and C shall be applied. Other measuring methods may be used under the conditions stated in Appendix 2.5.3.6, Part B.

Article 2.5.2.2.5.

If, in a zone or agglomeration, the ozone concentrations have exceeded the long-term objectives stated in Appendix 2.5.3.7, Part C during one of the last five years of measurement, fixed measurements shall be carried out.

 

If no data are available for the last five years, or if only partial data are available, the VMM may, to answer the question of whether the long-term objectives stated in paragraph 1 were exceeded during these five years, combine the results of measurement campaigns of short duration carried out at times and locations where the levels were likely to be the highest with the data from emission inventories and modelling.


Article 2.5.2.2.6.

§ 1.

The location of the sampling points for ozone measurements shall be determined in accordance with the criteria stated in Appendix 2.5.3.8.

 

§ 2.

In zones or agglomerations where measurements are the only source of data for assessing the air quality, the number of sampling points for fixed measurements of ozone may not be less than the minimum number of sampling points stated in Appendix 2.5.3.9, Part A.

 

§ 3.

In zones and agglomerations where the data from sampling points for fixed measurements are supplemented by data obtained from modelling or indicative measurements, the total number of sampling points stated in Appendix 2.5.3.9, Part A may, however, be reduced if the following conditions have been met:

the additional methods provide sufficient data to assess the air quality in relation to target values, long-term objectives and information and alarm thresholds;

the number of sampling points to be established and the spatial resolution of the other techniques are sufficient to determine the ozone concentration in accordance with the data quality targets stated in Appendix 2.5.3.1, Part A, and allow assessment results that meet the criteria stated in Appendix 2.5.3.1, Part B.

in each zone or agglomeration there shall be at least one sampling point for every two million inhabitants, or at least one sampling point per 50,000 km² if that criterion gives a greater number of sampling points. In each zone or agglomeration, there shall be at least one sampling point;

nitrogen dioxide shall be measured at all remaining sampling points, except the measuring stations for determining rural background values stated in Appendix 2.5.3.8, Part A.

 

The results of modelling or indicative measurements are taken into account when assessing the air quality in relation to target values.

 

§ 4.

Nitrogen dioxide shall be measured at a minimum of 50% of the sampling points required for ozone in accordance with Appendix 2.5.3.9, Part A. Nitrogen dioxide shall be measured continuously, except in the measuring stations for determining rural background values stated in Appendix 2.5.3.8, Part A, where other measuring methods may be used.

 

§ 5.

In zones and agglomerations where the concentrations in each of the last five years of measurements lie below the long-term objectives, the number of sampling points for fixed measurements is determined in accordance with Appendix 2.5.3.9, Part B.

 

§ 6.

At least one sampling point shall be established and used to obtain data on the concentrations of the ozone precursors stated in Appendix 2.5.3.10. The number and location of the stations where the ozone precursors are measured shall be determined taking into account the objectives and methods stated in Appendix 2.5.3.10.


Article 2.5.2.2.7.

The reference method for measuring ozone stated in Appendix 2.5.3.6, Part A, point 8 shall be applied. Other measuring methods may be used under the conditions stated in Appendix 2.5.3.6, Part B.

 

The Flanders Environment Agency shall notify the European Commission, through the appropriate channels, of the methods used for the sampling and measuring of volatile organic compounds stated in Appendix 2.5.3.10.


Subsection 2.5.2.3.
Assessment of the air quality


Article 2.5.2.3.1. The necessary measures shall be taken to ensure that in zones and agglomerations where the levels of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, PM10, PM2.5, lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air are lower than the respective limit values stated in Appendices 2.5.3.11 and 2.5.3.14, the levels of these substances are kept below the limit values, and that efforts are made to protect the best air quality compatible with sustainable development.

Article 2.5.2.3.2.

§ 1.

The necessary measures shall be taken to ensure that the levels of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, PM10, lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air throughout the zones and agglomerations do not exceed the limit values stated in Appendix 2.5.3.11.

 

Compliance with these regulations shall be assessed in accordance with Appendix 2.5.3.3.

 

The established margins of tolerance stated in Appendix 2.5.3.11 shall be applied in accordance with Article 2.5.2.3.11, paragraph 3, and Article 2.5.2.4.1, §1.

 

§ 2.

The alarm thresholds stated in Appendix 2.5.3.12, Part A, shall apply to the concentrations of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide in the air.


Article 2.5.2.3.3. The necessary measures shall be taken to ensure that the critical level for protecting vegetation stated in Appendix 2.5.3.13 and assessed in accordance with Appendix 2.5.3.3, Part A, are observed. If fixed measurements are the only source of data for assessing air quality, the number of sampling points may not be less than the minimum number stated in Appendix 2.5.3.5, Part C. If these data are supplemented by data obtained through indicative measurements or modelling, the minimum number of sampling points may be reduced by up to 50%, provided the assessed concentrations of the polluting substance in question can be established in accordance with the data quality targets stated in Appendix 2.5.3.1, Part A.

Article 2.5.2.3.4.

All necessary measures shall be taken that do not involve any excessive costs to reduce exposure to PM2.5, with the aim of achieving the regional target value for reducing exposure stated in Appendix 2.5.3.14, Part B, for the year indicated therein.

 

The necessary measures shall be taken to ensure that the regional average exposure index for 2015, established in accordance with Appendix 2.5.3.14, Part A, does not exceed the regional exposure concentration obligation laid down in Part C of that Appendix.

 

The regional average exposure index for PM2.5 shall be assessed by the Flanders Environment Agency in accordance with Appendix 2.5.3.14, Part A.

 

In accordance with Appendix 2.5.3.3, the number of sampling points on which the regional average exposure index for PM2.5 is based, and its spread, shall be such that an accurate picture is obtained of the exposure of the population in general. The number of sampling points shall not be less than the number obtained by applying Appendix 2.5.3.5, Part B.


Article 2.5.2.3.5.

All necessary measures shall be taken that do not involve any excessive costs to ensure that the concentrations of PM2.5 in the air do not exceed the target value stated in Appendix 2.5.3.14, Part D, from the date stated therein.

 

All necessary measures shall be taken to ensure that the concentrations of PM2.5 in the air do not exceed the limit value stated in Appendix 2.5.3.14, Part E, from the date stated therein throughout the zones and agglomerations. Compliance with that regulation shall be assessed in accordance with Appendix 2.5.3.3.

 

The margins of tolerance stated in Appendix 2.5.3.14, Part E, shall be applied in accordance with Article 2.5.2.4.1, §1.


Article 2.5.2.3.6.

All necessary measures shall be taken that do not involve any excessive costs to ensure that the target values and long-term objectives are achieved.

 

For zones and agglomerations where a target value is exceeded, the programme established under Article 2.10.3.1 and, where applicable, an air quality plan shall be implemented to ensure that the target values are achieved with effect from the date stated in Appendix 2.5.3.7, Part B, except where that cannot be done with measures that do not involve any excessive costs.

 

For zones and agglomerations where the ozone levels in the air are higher than the long-term objectives, but lower than or equal to the target values, cost-effective measures shall be prepared and implemented with the aim of achieving the long-term objectives. These measures must be in accordance with the air quality plan and with the programme stated in paragraph 2.


Article 2.5.2.3.7. In zones and agglomerations where the ozone levels meet the long-term objectives, the necessary measures shall be taken to keep these levels below the long-term objectives, provided factors such as the cross-border nature of ozone pollution and meteorological conditions so permit, and the best possible air quality that is compatible with sustainable development and a high level of protection of human health and the environment shall be maintained by taking proportionate measures.

Article 2.5.2.3.8. If the information threshold stated in Appendix 2.5.3.12, or one of the alarm thresholds stated in Appendix 2.5.3.12, is exceeded, the Flanders Environment Agency shall take the necessary steps to notify the public by radio, television, newspapers or the internet. The Flanders Environment Agency shall provide the European Commission with information, through the appropriate channels and on a provisional basis, on the recorded levels of and duration of the periods in which the alarm threshold or information threshold was exceeded.

Article 2.5.2.3.9.

The Flanders Environment Agency shall provide the European Commission, through the appropriate channels, with a list for a particular year of zones and agglomerations where exceedances of limit values for a particular pollutant can be attributed to natural sources. Information shall also be provided on the concentrations and sources and the evidence showing that the exceedances can be attributed to natural sources.

 

When the European Commission has been notified of an exceedance attributable to natural sources in accordance with paragraph 1, this exceedance shall not be regarded as an exceedance within the meaning of this Section.


Article 2.5.2.3.10. The Flanders Environment Agency may designate zones or agglomerations where the limit values are exceeded by concentrations of PM10 in the air that are attributable to the re-suspension of particles as a result of the spreading of sand and salt on the roads in winter. The Flanders Environment Agency shall provide the European Commission, through the appropriate channels, with a list of all these zones or agglomerations, together with information on the PM10 concentrations and sources present therein. When the Flanders Environment Agency notifies the European Commission of this in accordance with Article 2.5.2.5.2 through the appropriate channels, it shall provide the necessary proof that these exceedances were caused by such re-suspended particles, and that a reasonable attempt has been made to lower the concentrations. Without prejudice to Article 2.5.2.3.9, for the zones and agglomerations stated in paragraph 1, the air quality plan stated in Article 2.5.2.4.1 shall only be established if the exceedances are attributable to other PM10 sources than the spreading of sand and salt on the roads in winter.

Article 2.5.2.3.11.

If, in a particular zone or agglomeration, no compliance with the limit values for nitrogen dioxide or benzene can be achieved by the deadlines stated in Appendix 2.5.3.11, the Flemish minister may grant a deferral of up to five years for that specific zone or agglomeration, provided an air quality plan is drawn up in accordance with Article 2.5.2.4.1 for the zone or agglomeration to which the deferral would apply. That air quality plan shall be supplemented with the information stated in Appendix 2.5.3.15, Part B, relating to the polluting substances in question, and show how compliance can be achieved with the limit values before the new deadline stated in Appendix 2.5.3.11.

 

If, due to location-specific dispersion characteristics, unfavourable climatic conditions or cross-border contributions in a particular zone or agglomeration, no compliance can be achieved with the limit values for PM10 stated in Appendix 2.5.3.11, the Flemish minister may grant an exception from the obligation to apply these limit values until 11 June 2011, provided the condition in paragraph 1 is met and it is demonstrated that all appropriate measures have been taken at national, regional and local level to comply with the deadlines.

 

In the application of paragraph 1 or 2, the exceedance of the limit value for each polluting substance shall be kept within the maximum margin of tolerance stated in Appendix 2.5.3.11.

 

Use may be made of paragraphs 1 and 2 if the following conditions are cumulatively met:

 

the Flemish minister informs the European Commission of the intention to apply paragraph 1 or 2;  
the air quality plan stated in paragraph 1, including all relevant data required by the European Commission to assess whether the conditions in question have been met, is sent to the European Commission by the Flemish minister, after being approved by the Government of Flanders;  
the European Commission does not raise any objections within nine months of receiving the notification, as a result of which the conditions in question for the application of paragraph 1 or 2 are regarded as having been met. 

 

If the European Commission raises an objection within nine months of receipt of the notification stated in paragraph 4, and if it requires the air quality plans to be adapted or replaced by new ones, the Flemish minister shall send the European Commission the adapted or new air quality plans, approved by the Government of Flanders.


Subsection 2.5.2.4.
Plans


Article 2.5.2.4.1.

§ 1.

If the level of polluting substances in the air in particular zones or agglomerations exceed a limit value or target value, in both cases increased by the applicable margin of tolerance, air quality plans shall be established for these zones and agglomerations to achieve the limit value or target value in question stated in Appendices 2.5.3.11 and 2.5.3.14.

 

If limit values for which the deadline for compliance has already passed are exceeded, appropriate measures shall be taken in the air quality plans to keep the period of exceedance as short as possible. The air quality plans may also include measures aimed at protecting vulnerable population groups, such as children.

 

The air quality plans shall at least include the information stated in Appendix 2.5.3.15, Part A, and may include measures in accordance with Article 2.5.2.4.2. After having been established by the Government of Flanders, the plans shall be communicated to the European Commission through the appropriate channels immediately, but no later than two years after the end of the year in which the first exceedance was recorded, by the Division competent for air pollution.

 

If a plan has to be drawn up or implemented for different polluting substances, where appropriate, integrated air quality plans shall be drawn up and implemented for all the polluting substances in question.

 

§ 2.

Where feasible, cohesion shall be ensured with other plans or programmes required pursuant to Article 2.10.3 and Article 2.2.4.4 to achieve the relevant environmental objectives.


Article 2.5.2.4.2.

§ 1.

If, in a particular zone or agglomeration, there is a risk that the levels of polluting substances will exceed one or more alarm thresholds as stated in Appendix 2.5.3.12, action plans shall be drawn up containing measures to be taken in the short term to limit the risk of exceedance or its duration. If that risk applies to one or more of the limit values or target values stated in Appendices 2.5.3.7, 2.5.3.11 and 2.5.3.14, short-term action plans may also be drawn up if appropriate. If, however, there is a risk that the alarm threshold for ozone stated in Appendix 2.5.3.12, Part B, will be exceeded, short-term action plans shall only be drawn up if, taking national geographical, meteorological and economic circumstances into account, there are ample opportunities for reducing the risk, the duration or the seriousness of such an exceedance. If a short-term action plan is drawn up, consideration shall be given to Commission Decision 2004/279/EC of 19 March 2004 concerning guidance for transposition of Directive 2002/3/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council relating to ozone in ambient air.

 

§ 2.

The short-term action plans stated in paragraph 1 may, as appropriate, provide for effective measures to manage and if necessary suspend activities that contribute to the risk of the respective limit values, target values or alarm thresholds being exceeded. The action plans may include measures for the movement of motor vehicles, construction works, ships at berth, and the use of industrial plants or products, and domestic heating. As part of these plans, specific actions could also be considered to protect vulnerable population groups, such as children.

 

§ 3.

When a short-term action plan is drawn up, the results of investigations into the feasibility and content of the specific short-term action plans, together with information on the implementation of these plans, shall be made available to the public and to interested organisations, such as environmental organisations, consumer organisations, organisations representing the interests of vulnerable population groups, other bodies involved in healthcare, and interested trade unions.


Article 2.5.2.4.3.

Without prejudice to Article 2.5.2.4.2, §3, the plans and programmes stated in this Subsection, and any amendment or revision thereof, shall be drawn up as follows:

the Division competent for air pollution, shall draw up the draft plan and programme, amend or revise existing plans or programmes and may also involve the most interested government bodies, establishments, private-law organisations and social and societal groups. The draft plan or programme or the draft amendment or revision shall then be communicated to the public as stated in 2° and 3°; 

2° 

the draft plan or programme or the draft amendment or revision shall, following approval by the Government of Flanders, be published in excerpt in the Belgian Official Journal by the Division competent for air pollution. The Division competent for air pollution shall also ensure the public are actively consulted through the customary channels, such as electronic devices and media, including publication in two newspapers, and via the website of the Division competent for air pollution. At the time of notification, reference shall be made to the public's right to participate in decisions concerning the plans and programmes, and it shall be indicated to which authority questions and comments as stated in this Article must be directed. For a period of one month, beginning on the day after publication in the Belgian Official Journal, the public may bring objections or comments, in writing, to the notice of the Division competent for air pollution; 

3° 

concurrent with its publication, the draft shall be sent to the Environmental and Nature Council of Flanders and the Social and Economic Council of Flanders, which shall give their recommendation and their reasons for this recommendation within a time limit of one month of receipt of the draft. These recommendations are not binding; 

4° 

the plan or programme or the amendment or revision thereof shall be established by the Government of Flanders, taking into account the recommendations and any objections or comments submitted. If the Government of Flanders does not follow, either wholly or in part, the recommendation issued by the Environmental and Nature Council of Flanders or the Social and Economic Council of Flanders, or the objections and comments notified by the public, it shall justify this in a report, attached to the publication stated in point 5°; 

5° 

the plan or programme or the amendment or revision thereof, together with the report stated in point 4°, shall be communicated to the public by being published in two newspapers and via the website of the Division competent for air pollution. The plan or programme shall be published in excerpt in the Belgian Official Journal. 


Article 2.5.2.4.4.

If an alarm threshold, limit value or target value, increased by the applicable margin of tolerance, or a long-term objective is exceeded as a result of the significant cross-border transport of polluting substances or the precursors thereof, Belgium shall cooperate with the countries in question and, if possible, develop joint activities, such as the drawing up of joint or coordinated air quality plans in accordance with Article 2.5.2.4.1 to remove the exceedances by implementing appropriate but proportionate measures.

 

The European Commission is invited to be present at and cooperate in the collaborative activities stated in paragraph 1. If appropriate in accordance with Article 2.5.2.4.2, joint short-term action plans shall be drawn up and implemented that cover neighbouring zones in other countries. The Flemish minister shall ensure that if neighbouring zones in other countries have developed short-term action plans, they receive all the relevant data.

 

If the information threshold or the alarm thresholds are exceeded in zones or agglomerations close by national borders, the Interregional Cell for the Environment shall provide the competent authorities of the neighbouring country in question with information as quickly as possible. This information shall also be made available to the population.

 

When drawing up plans in accordance with paragraphs 1 and 3 and when providing information to the population in accordance with paragraph 4, if appropriate, an effort shall be made to cooperate with third countries and specifically with candidate Member States of the European Union.


Subsection 2.5.2.5.
Information and reporting


Article 2.5.2.5.1.

§ 1.

The Flanders Environment Agency shall ensure that the population, as well as interested organisations, such as environmental organisations, consumer organisations, organisations representing the interests of vulnerable population groups, other bodies involved in healthcare, and interested trade unions receive adequate and timely notification of the air quality, in accordance with Appendix 2.5.3.16.

 

The Division, competent for air pollution, shall ensure that the population, as well as interested organisations, such as environmental organisations, consumer organisations, organisations representing the interests of vulnerable population groups, other bodies involved in healthcare, and interested trade unions receive adequate and timely notification of:

1° 

the deferral decisions stated in Article 2.5.2.3.11, paragraph 1; 

2° 

the exemptions stated in Article 2.5.2.3.11, paragraph 2;

3° 

the air quality plans stated in Article 2.5.2.3.11, paragraph 1, Article 2.5.2.4.1 and Article 2.5.2.4.2 and the programmes stated in Article 2.5.2.3.6, paragraph 2. 

 

The data shall be made available free of charge through generally accessible media, including the internet or other suitable forms of telecommunication. In so doing, consideration shall be given to the provisions of the Decree of 20 February 2009 on the Geographical Data Infrastructure of Flanders and its implementing orders.

 

§ 2.

The Flanders Environment Agency shall make annual reports available to the population on all polluting substances covered by this Section.

 

The reports shall contain a summary of the concentrations which the limit values, target values, long-term objectives, information thresholds and alarm thresholds have exceeded during the established averaging periods. A brief assessment of all the consequences of the exceedances shall be included with the data. Where appropriate, the reports may include more specific data on and assessments of forest protection, as well as data on other polluting substances for which provisions relating to monitoring are included, such as sundry non-regulated ozone precursors as stated in Appendix 2.5.3.10, Part B.