Without prejudice to the provisions regarding water, soil, groundwater and air pollution and waste materials management, in keeping with Directive 87/217/EEC with the use of asbestos and when working with asbestos-containing products, the necessary measures must be taken to ensure that, as far as reasonably practicable, emissions of asbestos into the environment and asbestos waste materials are reduced or prevented at the source to the extent possible. With the use of asbestos, these measures imply that use is made of the best available techniques, including recycling or treatment where this is useful.

The necessary measures are also to be taken to ensure that:


during the transportation, the loading and the unloading of waste materials which contain asbestos fibres or asbestos dust, these fibres and dust cannot be released into the air and no liquids are discharged which may contain asbestos fibres;


where waste materials containing asbestos fibres or dust are landfilled at sites licensed for this purpose, such waste is so treated, packaged or covered, taking local conditions into account, that the release of asbestos particles into the environment is prevented;


activities related to working with asbestos-containing products may cause no significant environmental pollution due to asbestos fibres or dust;


the demolition of buildings, structures and establishments containing asbestos and the removal therefrom of asbestos or materials containing asbestos, involving the release of asbestos fibres or dust do not cause the release of asbestos into the environment.


Operators themselves can dispose of the following applications containing asbestos, provided their removal involves simple operations (e.g., it can be easily unscrewed):


bonded asbestos which is undamaged or in which no free fibres are visible and the removal of which will not affect this state;


bonded asbestos which is damaged or in which free fibres are visible and which is used in an application outdoors where third parties are not present, provided its removal will not affect this state;


cords, seals or gaskets, brake linings and similar materials containing asbestos.

Other applications may only be removed by specialised companies.


When material containing asbestos, as stated in 2, 1, 2 and 3, is dismantled and removed, the spread of fibres and human exposure to asbestos fibres shall be prevented by taking the following measures:


wetting or fixing of the material;


removing the elements one-by-one, preferably manually, using hand tools, or as a final resort, slowly revolving tools;


not throwing the materials;


not breaking the materials;


storing the materials in sealed receptacles. Minors may not be present during the work.

A type P3 or similar dust mask shall be used to provide personal protection against exposure.


Applications containing asbestos shall be stored separately and not mixed with other demolition waste;


It is forbidden to use high-speed mechanical tools (sanding discs, grinders, electric drills, etc.), high pressure water cleaners, or air compressors in order to craft, cut or clean objects or surfaces made from materials containing asbestos, or objects or surfaces covered with materials containing asbestos, or to remove asbestos.