When setting up a waste processing establishment, to protect the site and environs one should take into account the presence in the vicinity of the site of the following (and the distances from these to the site):
- residential areas, recreation areas, agricultural areas, parkland or comparable areas, as indicated in the municipal land use plans and the implementation plans in operation in land-use planning;
- valuable agricultural landscape areas or comparable areas, as indicated in the municipal land use plans and the implementation plans in operation in land-use planning;
- vulnerable areas;
- the perimeters of areas demarcated according to or in implementation of international treaties, agreements or guidelines;
- watery areas as defined in Article 2 of the decree of 21 October 1997 concerning the conservation of nature and the natural environment;
- roads and waterways;
- the cultural patrimony, such as listed monuments, protected towns and villages, protected cultural/historical landscapes and protected archaeological sites;
- water abstraction areas and protected zones of types I, II and III for groundwater, demarcated in application of the decree of 24 January 1984 concerning measures relating to groundwater management, and the sub-hydrographic basins of surface water intended for the production of drinking water, demarcated in application of the law of 26 March 1971 on the protection of surface waters against pollution.
Furthermore, according to the kind of establishment concerned the following factors must also be taken into account - in any event in the case of landfill sites:
- the geological and hydrogeological conditions in the area;
- the potential value of the aquifers present;
- the mechanical characteristics of the soil and the stability of the site, including the risk of flooding, subsidence, landslides etc.;
- the final purpose of the site;
- the protection of the nature or the cultural patrimony in the area.