Section 5.2.2.
Waste storage and treatment establishments


Subsection 5.2.2.1.
Civic amenity sites


Waste materials acceptance.

Article 5.2.2.1.1. Translation not available

Article 5.2.2.1.2. By way of derogation from the general conditions for waste processing establishments, no weighbridge is required and in the register only information regarding removed waste materials is recorded, as well as information on any difficulties or malfunctions experienced, observations, measurements and other information about the establishment's operation.

Operation.

Article 5.2.2.1.3. Translation not available

Subsection 5.2.2.2.
Establishments for the storage and separation of dangerous household waste, connected to civic amenity sites.


Waste materials acceptance.

Article 5.2.2.2.1. Translation not available

Article 5.2.2.2.2.

§ 1.

The delivery, acceptance and sorting of the dangerous household waste is permitted only under supervision of the operator or his/her authorised representative. The operator or the above-mentioned representative has a sufficient command of chemistry and has sufficient knowledge of the characteristics and dangers of the chemicals that may be accepted and of the relevant safety regulations. The operator has to inform the supervisor of his/her authorised representative's name in writing.

 

§ 2.

By way of derogation from the general conditions for waste processing establishments, no weighbridge is required and in the register only information regarding removed waste materials is recorded, as well as information on any difficulties or malfunctions experienced, observations, measurements and other information about the establishment's operation.


Operation.

Article 5.2.2.2.3.

§ 1.

The collected waste materials are separated and stored immediately or at the latest by the end of the day's work by the operator or his/her authorised representative in such a way that any risk is avoided.

 

§ 2.

The dangerous household waste is separated and sorted according to the chemical composition, nature or characteristics of the different waste materials. The containers or recipients are clearly labelled with the nature of the individual waste materials and the relevant danger pictograms.

 

§ 3.

The dangerous household waste is stored in an impervious compartmentalised container ("secure space for dangerous household waste") or in a closed storage area, in accordance with the approved work plan.

 

§ 4.

If it is found that a receptacle containing dangerous household waste is leaking, the receptacle or its contents are transferred to another suitable receptacle immediately and any spilled liquid is cleared. To this end, sufficient spare receptacles and absorbing material are kept available at the establishment. Empty polluted recipients and polluted absorbing material are removed with the dangerous household waste.


Subsection 5.2.2.3.
Storage and composting of green waste, vegetable, fruit and garden (GFT) waste and organic/biological industrial waste materials


Common provisions.

Article 5.2.2.3.1. The provisions of this subsection apply to the establishments meant in subsections 2.2.3, a), b) and c) of the classification list.

Article 5.2.2.3.2. By way of derogation from the general provisions applicable to waste processing establishments, class 3 establishments require neither a weighbridge, nor a screen of greenery nor a waste register.

Article 5.2.2.3.3. Outside opening hours, the composting establishment must be closed to unauthorised persons. [...]

Article 5.2.2.3.4. The operator keeps a compost journal containing information on temperature measurements and dates relating to turning and end product harvesting.

Article 5.2.2.3.5.

§ 1.

Aerobic composting must be managed such that:

uniform aerobic composting is assured in the compost heaps;

the composting time is such that the process results in a serviceable end product.

 

§ 2.

The aerobic composting establishment has a spreading area to ensure complete composting. When the composting heaps are built, the material to be composted is sufficiently dampened to facilitate the composting process. The substrate is regularly turned to maintain aerobic conditions in the heap. The equipment needed to aerate or turn the compost must be present.

 

§ 3.

If compost is stored temporarily, this must be in an area which is free of dust and in heaps of no higher than 4 metres.

 

§ 4.

Composting establishments with a composting area greater than 10 m must have a sealed and waterproof floor fitted with a drainage system. The drainage water is collected, treated if necessary, and stored with a view to future reuse as a means of dampening the composted waste.


Establishments used solely for the composting of green waste.

Article 5.2.2.3.6. The establishments meant in subsection 2.2.3, a) may only accept compostable waste originating from the maintenance of gardens and parks.

Establishments for the composting of vegetable, fruit and garden (GFT) waste.

Article 5.2.2.3.7. Translation not available

Article 5.2.2.3.8. Translation not available

Establishments for the composting of organic/biological industrial waste materials.

Article 5.2.2.3.9. Translation not available

Subsection 5.2.2.3bis.
Storage and pre-treatment of green material pending useful application


Article 5.2.2.3bis.1. The provisions of this subsection apply to the establishments meant in subsection 2.2.3, d) of the classification list.

Article 5.2.2.3bis.2. By way of derogation from the general provisions applicable to waste processing establishments, class 3 establishments require neither a weighbridge, nor a screen of greenery nor a waste register.

Article 5.2.2.3bis.3. The establishment may only accept green material originating from the upkeep of soft roadside verges and natural areas.

Article 5.2.2.3bis.4.

 Business activities on-site must be managed such that:

storage and pre-treatment bring about a halt to biological processes or at least control them to exclude all possibility of odour nuisance and soil pollution;

pre-treatment is in line with final processing.


Article 5.2.2.3bis.5. [...]

Article 5.2.2.3bis.6. [...]

Subsection 5.2.2.3ter.
Storage and biological treatment of non-dangerous waste materials


Article 5.2.2.3ter.1. This subsection applies to the establishments meant in sections 2.2.3, e), 2.2.3, f), 2.3.3, a) and 2.3.7, d) of the classification list.

Article 5.2.2.3ter.2. The operator ensures that open basins are filled to a level no higher than that at which there is no danger of the basins overflowing.

Article 5.2.2.3ter.3.

The delivery line for liquid organic biological/waste materials from the truck in question has an impervious quick-action coupling that fits the closed storage site or an equivalent alternative. Drip-trays are also provided at the couplings that can catch the organic/biological waste materials. During unloading, the truck is located on a hard standing area that is sufficiently impervious so that the soil and groundwater and/or surface water cannot be polluted. All run-off from this hard surface is collected.

 

For establishments licensed before 1 July 2014, the requirements specified in paragraph 1 apply from 1 July 2017.


Subsection 5.2.2.4.
Establishments for the storage and treatment of specific non-dangerous solid waste materials


Waste materials acceptance.

Article 5.2.2.4.1. Translation not available

Operation.

Article 5.2.2.4.2. Translation not available

Article 5.2.2.4.3. The collected asbestos cement waste or other asbestos-containing waste in which asbestos in bonded form is present must be stored separately from the rest of the builders' and demolition waste. Other than sorting, no processing at all of the asbestos-containing waste may take place. All the necessary measures must be taken to prevent the dissipation of asbestos fibres.

Subsection 5.2.2.4bis.
Establishments for the storage and treatment of waste materials from one specific construction and demolition yard or roadworks, whereby after treatment at least 50% of the materials are usefully applied at the place of origin, whereby the establishment shall not have been operational for more than one year and whereby the establishment is situated not more than 1,000 m from the roadworks or in situ (on the plot itself or on an adjoining plot) of the construction and demolition yard


Article 5.2.2.4bis.1. This subsection applies to the establishments meant in section 2.2.2, h) of the classification list.

Article 5.2.2.4bis.2.

The establishment only accepts, stores and treats waste materials from the specific construction and demolition yard or specific roadworks that is/are explicitly specified and identified in the notification dossier. The stored quantity of waste materials and recycled aggregates is limited to the quantities specified in the notification dossier.

 

Only the following types of waste materials are stored and treated in the establishment:

inert waste materials consisting of the stony fraction of construction and demolition waste from the construction and demolition of buildings, engineering structures and constructions and from roadworks; 

non-tar-containing asphalt from the construction and demolition of buildings, engineering structures and constructions and from roadworks.

 

The following waste materials may not be processed in the establishment:

 

tar-containing asphalt;

builders' and demolition waste containing asbestos cement waste or other asbestos-containing building materials in which asbestos in bonded form is present;

building and demolition waste containing free asbestos fibres or asbestos dust;

other dangerous waste materials;

other non-dangerous waste materials not stated in subparagraph 2 of this Article. 

 


Article 5.2.2.4bis.3.

The operations authorised in the establishment are limited to:

 

storage;

sorting and preparatory mechanical treatment, such as crushing with a view to breaking up;

crushing; 

sieving. 


Article 5.2.2.4bis.4. The establishment is located not more than 1,000 m from the roadworks, measured from the boundaries of the plot or the demarcated site area of the roadworks, or in situ (on the plot itself or on an adjoining plot) of the construction and demolition yard.

Article 5.2.2.4bis.5.

The storage of rubble and recycled aggregates to be broken up is limited to a maximum of one year from the date of the notification.

 

The processing of the waste materials is limited to a maximum of sixty working days within the one-year period specified in paragraph 1.

 

The time limits specified in paragraphs 1 and 2 may not be extended.


Article 5.2.2.4bis.6. The delivery and processing of waste, as well as the removal of recycled aggregates and residual fractions, are prohibited on weekdays between 7 p.m. and 7 a.m., and on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays.

Article 5.2.2.4bis.7. For the entire period of its operation, the establishment is provided with a permanent or temporary fence that makes access to mobile equipment impossible. The access road is also provided with an option to be closed off.

Article 5.2.2.4bis.8.

A sign is erected on the access road in a location clearly visible from the public highway that clearly states the following:

 

"toegang verboden voor onbevoegden" [no unauthorised access];

the establishment's nature

the name, address and telephone number of the operator;

the normal opening hours; 

the start and end dates of the activities;

the address and telephone number of the supervisory authority; 

in case of fire or other emergencies: telephone number of the fire brigade. 


Article 5.2.2.4bis.9. The provisions of section 4.5.5 apply to the establishments meant in this subsection. By way of derogation from this subsection, by day the specific noise in the open air from the establishment during mechanical treatment at the measuring points specified in Article 1, §3 and §4 of appendix 4.5.1 to this order is limited such that the background value in appendix 4.5.4 to this order, increased by 20 dB(A), is not exceeded. This provision does not apply in establishments that require silence, to which section 4.5.5 continues to apply.

Article 5.2.2.4bis.10.

§ 1.

Before mechanical treatment of the waste materials begins, the operator sends the following information to the authority to which the notification was submitted, and to the competent supervisory authority:

the start date and duration of the period during which waste materials will be mechanically treated;

the distance from the establishment to the specific construction and demolition yard or the specific roadworks;

the identification details of the rubble crusher, as established in the context of the Geographical Information System (GIS);

a copy of the certificate of the rubble crusher that will be used, issued by a recognised inspection body in the context of the VLAREA;

a description of the source strength (LW) of the rubble crusher in dB(A);

the distance from the rubble crusher to the nearest house and establishment requiring silence. 

 

§ 2.

The register that the operator maintains in application of waste regulations also contains the following information:

 

at all times: the estimated quantity and the nature of stored waste materials awaiting treatment; 

at all times: the estimated quantity and the nature of the stored recycled aggregates;

the times (days and times) at which waste materials are mechanically treated. 

 

§ 3.

Inert waste and non-tar-containing asphalt are stored and treated on a level hard surface, without the need to fit an impervious hard surface. The waste and recycled aggregates are stacked in a safe manner, with no risk to the environment.

 

§ 4.

The operator takes the necessary measures so that waste materials that cannot be usefully applied within the construction and demolition yard or the roadworks of which the establishment is part are removed regularly.

 

§ 5.

The establishment has a calibrated weighing installation with automatic registration.

 

§ 6.

During delivery and removal periods and during mechanical treatment, a responsible person with sufficient competence and knowledge of the conditions to be observed and the measures to be taken is present at all times. The operator informs the supervisory authority of the name of this person in writing.

 

§ 7.

The operator takes all necessary measures to prevent and limit dust nuisance.

 

If necessary, a sprinkler system or spray truck is used to keep the waste and recycled aggregates being stored ready for crushing, as well as the dust-sensitive areas of the site, damp, both during the storage phase and during crushing.

 

When transporting construction and demolition waste and waste from roadworks to the establishment and when removing recycled aggregates, the necessary precautions, such as covering or spraying, are taken to counter losses of load and the spreading of dust.

 

§ 8.

The machines are set up in such a way that vibrations are not emitted into the environment.

 

§ 9.

The rubble crusher is fitted with a web-based information system linked to a GPS system. The information system is operational whenever the rubble crusher is being used.

 

The web-based information system specified in subparagraph 1 enables the certification body and the supervisor to visualise the location of the production installation, monitor operations and review the production period. This information is recorded and listed in a central database available on-line for the certification body and the supervisor.

 

§ 10.

Within thirty days of the end of activities and within a period of one year's operation specified in Article 5.2.2.4bis.5, §1, the site is completely cleaned.


Subsection 5.2.2.5.
Establishments for the storage and treatment of dangerous waste materials and industrial waste materials not specified elsewhere


Waste materials acceptance.

Article 5.2.2.5.1. Translation not available

Operation.

Article 5.2.2.5.2. Translation not available

Article 5.2.2.5.3.

§ 1.

The operator or his/her authorised representative has a sufficient command of chemistry and has sufficient knowledge of the characteristics and dangers of the chemicals that may be accepted and of the relevant safety regulations. The operator has to inform the supervisor of his/her authorised representative's name in writing.

 

§ 2.

Upon delivery, the dangerous waste is stored and treated by the operator or his/her authorised representative in such a way that risks are avoided to the greatest possible extent.

 

§ 3.

The dangerous waste is subdivided and sorted according to its chemical composition, nature or characteristics.

 

§ 4.

The operator takes the measures necessary to prevent waste materials that may react with each other from causing uncontrolled reactions or from generating harmful or dangerous gases or vapours.

 

§ 5.

If it is found that a receptacle containing dangerous waste is leaking, the receptacle or its contents are transferred to another suitable receptacle immediately and any spilled liquid is cleared.

 

§ 6.

The sumps and the separate collection establishments of the compartmentalised storage are emptied regularly and at least after each incident. The waste material flow obtained is processed in an appropriate manner.

 

§ 7.

Empty polluted receptacles and polluted absorbing material are stored and treated according to the nature of the substances with which they have been polluted. Non-reusable receptacles are processed according to an adapted method.


Subsection 5.2.2.6.
Vehicle wreck storage and treatment establishments


Article 5.2.2.6.1. [...]

Waste materials acceptance.

Article 5.2.2.6.2. Translation not available

Operation.

Article 5.2.2.6.3. Translation not available

Article 5.2.2.6.4.

§ 1.

The following activities are clearly separated from each other in areas specially designed and intended for that purpose:

the collection of the vehicle wrecks;

the temporary storage of non-decontaminated vehicle wrecks;

the temporary storage of decontaminated vehicle wrecks;

the storage of liquids and other materials;

the storage of parts;

the storage of waste;

the processing.

 

By way of derogation from subparagraph 1, 2° and 3°, non-decontaminated and decontaminated vehicle wrecks may, however, be stored together if the following conditions are met:

the establishment does not have a shredder;

each decontaminated vehicle wreck is marked with a clearly identifiable label that is visible from ground level.

 

The processing is organised so that substances that are dangerous to the environment are processed as quickly as possible.

 

§ 2.

Dismantling, destruction including crushing and any other treatment of vehicle wrecks is always preceded by the decontamination of the wreck, with the exception of storage sites for a maximum of 5 vehicle wrecks at workplaces only for the inspection, repair and maintenance of motor vehicles (including bodywork activities), and provided that the dismantled parts are immediately used for the repairs.

 

Materials and parts of wrecks are processed in such a way that the shredder residues can be optimally recovered and by no means processed or disposed of as dangerous waste material.

 

The decontamination consists of the compulsory removal or separate collection of all liquids, unless they are required for the reuse of the parts in question, and of polluting or harmful components in the vehicle wreck as soon as it is delivered prior to any further treatment, more specifically:

drainage and individual storage of the liquids;

drainage of the refrigerants for air-conditioning with a contained system;

emptying of the brake fluid tank;

drainage of the engine oil, transmission oil and the driving gear oil;

dismantling of the engine oil filler;

emptying of the fuel tank by direct extraction in the tank or a splash-free drainage system;

drainage of the differential and the drive shafts as appropriate;

drainage of the oil of the steering gear or power-assisted steering;

drainage of hydraulic oils from wheel suspension systems;

10°

drainage of coolant;

11°

drainage of washer fluid;

12°

dismantling of any CNG tanks;

13°

dismantling of lead batteries;

14°

making safe of pyrotechnic parts of air bags/seat belts;

15°

dismantling of catalytic converters and other dangerous parts.

16°

dismantling or separate collection of the components and materials which must be marked or made identifiable in accordance with appendix I of the Royal Decree of 19 March 2004 regarding product standards for vehicles.

The drainage of the liquids is performed as thoroughly as possible. If parts contain significant amounts of liquid that might leak during disassembly and that would be difficult to draw off, to the greatest possible extent these parts should be removed from the wreck. After draining, the drain plugs are fitted again

 

§ 3.

Subject to the application of the provisions in § 2, liquids still present are immediately removed from leaking vehicle wrecks.

 

§ 4.

Dismantling or disassembly consists of the removal of the parts from the vehicle wreck that can be reused, including spare parts.

 

The following materials and parts are disassembled and separately collected in view of recycling:

 

catalytic converters;

metal parts containing copper, aluminium and magnesium, if after shredding these metals cannot be separated in such a way that they can be recovered as materials;

tyres and large synthetic parts such as bumpers, dashboards and liquid tanks if after shredding these materials cannot be separated to be recovered as materials;

glass, if after shredding, this glass is not separated in such a way that it can be reclaimed as a material.

 

Parts of discarded vehicles must be processed as follows:

 

reusable parts are reused, taking into account the requirements relating to safety; more specifically, any manufacturer's prohibition of the marketing of safety parts from discarded vehicle must be respected.

non-reusable parts are recovered as far as possible where preference is given to recycling to the extent that this entails no environmental dangers.

 

§ 5.

Large storage quantities and long storage periods are avoided. To this end, all stored materials are removed at regular intervals, with the exception of the parts disassembled for reuse as spares.

 

§ 6.

The storage operations are carried out in such a manner that damage is prevented to components containing liquids or to components for useful application and spare parts.


Article 5.2.2.6.5.

§ 1.

The liquids removed from the wrecks are stored in the designated closed drums or tanks in accordance with the approved work plan. Each drum or tank is labelled with a clearly readable specification of its contents and with the corresponding danger pictograms. Drums containing liquids are placed under cover on an impervious floor equipped with a collection system for leaked liquids. The different types of oils and liquids are kept separate and may in no case be mixed.

 

§ 2.

Batteries and storage batteries are stored in weatherproof covered and acid-resistant containers.

 

§ 3.

Absorbing material is available at the establishment in sufficient quantities. Polluted absorbing material is taken to an establishment appropriate for this material.


Subsection 5.2.2.7.
Scrap storage and processing establishments


Waste materials acceptance.

Article 5.2.2.7.1. Translation not available

Operation.

Article 5.2.2.7.2. Translation not available

Subsection 5.2.2.8.
Used oil storage and treatment establishments


Waste materials acceptance.

Article 5.2.2.8.1. Translation not available

Operation.

Article 5.2.2.8.2.

§ 1.

The storage of used oil must meet the conditions for the storage of flammable liquids included in section 5.6.2.

 

§ 2.

The operator of an establishment for the storage or treatment of used oil must have sufficient quantities of technical means to store or treat used oil without causing environmental pollution. The operator of an establishment for the treatment of used oil must have a sufficiently developed water treatment installation to purify the waste water generated by the treatment in order to be able to meet the effluent limits for discharges to surface water in all conditions. Waste water that cannot be treated in the waste water treatment establishment is taken to a suitable treatment establishment.

 

§ 3.

The storage tanks and containers for used oil are constructed and installed in such a way that easy and representative sampling of the contents is possible.

 

§ 4.

It is prohibited to store other substances in the storage tanks or containers licensed for the storage of used oil.

 

§ 5.

The addition of water, solvents or any other substance to the used oil is prohibited.

 

§ 6.

Any residues formed during the storage of used oil are delivered to a suitable processing installation.


Article 5.2.2.8.3. [...]

Article 5.2.2.8.4. [...]

Article 5.2.2.8.5. [...]

Article 5.2.2.8.6. Translation not available

Subsection 5.2.2.9.
Establishments for the cleaning of receptacles used for the storage or transport of substances


Article 5.2.2.9.1. The following conditions apply to the cleaning activity, without prejudice to the conditions that apply to other activities such as the denting out, sand-blasting and painting of metals or other materials.

Waste materials acceptance.

Article 5.2.2.9.2. Translation not available

Operation.

Article 5.2.2.9.3.

§ 1.

The establishment is constructed in such a way that waste materials can in no way be discharged into the environment. The floors of the cleaning establishment, the cleaning lines, the receiving drains and the drainage channels are impervious and chemically inert regarding the waste materials they may come into contact with. No connection may exist between the cleaning establishment proper and a groundwater layer, public sewers, surface water or a reservoir for surface waters.

 

§ 2.

The operator of an establishment for the cleaning of receptacles must have a sufficiently developed water treatment installation to purify the waste water generated by the cleaning in order to be able to meet the effluent standards for discharges to surface water under all conditions. Waste water that cannot be treated in the waste water treatment installation must be taken to a suitable treatment installation. The cleaning establishment as a whole is impervious and chemically inert regarding the waste material flows processed at the establishment. With the exception of the discharge point for the effluent, no connection at all may exist between the waste water treatment installation and a groundwater layer, public sewers, a surface water or a reservoir for surface waters.

 

§ 3.

The residual contents and the flush water that cannot be processed in the waste water treatment installation, as well as the waste materials generated after the treatment, are removed to a suitable processing establishment.

 

§ 4.

The storage areas for liquid waste and the cleaning rooms themselves are constructed in such a way that liquids flowing away and spilled liquids are collected. The floors, receiving drains and sumps are impervious and chemically inert regarding the liquids they may come into contact with.

 

§ 5.

The operator takes the measures necessary to prevent waste materials that may react with each other from causing uncontrolled reactions or from generating harmful or dangerous gases or vapours.

 

§ 6.

The containers or drums in which the waste materials generated by the cleaning activities are stored:

  1. may only be stored in storage areas intended for this purpose, on a surface that is both impervious and chemically inert regarding the waste materials stored in these containers or drums;
  2. are placed in a bund that is impervious and chemically inert regarding the waste materials stored in these containers or drums; the capacity of this bund is sufficiently large to hold all of the liquids stored in it.
  3. are clearly labelled with the nature of the waste material and the relevant danger pictograms.

 

§ 7.

When cleaning receptacles which have contained volatile organic products with a vapour pressure in excess of 13.3 kPa at a temperature of 35°C, with the exception of drums:

 

the receptacles are given a cold pre-rinse;

the rinse water is drained off in a sealed conduit to the gutter, for example by connecting a hose to the tank outlet which discharges below the gutter water level;

the treatment sludge is stored under cover.

 

§ 8.

When cleaning drums, both when rinsing drums using an organic solvent or an acid and when rinsing drums that have held volatile organic products with a vapour pressure of more than 13.3 kPa at a temperature of 35°C, using warm or hot water or lye:

 

the air is extracted and treated with a gas washer, an activated carbon filter, a post-combustion incinerator, a biofilter or some other equivalent treatment system;

the treatment sludge is stored under cover. 

 

§ 9.

For establishments licensed before 1 January 2012, the requirements specified in paragraph 8 apply from 1 January 2015.


Subsection 5.2.2.9bis.
Establishments for processing industrial waste water and liquid or silty industrial waste flows from external sources


Article 5.2.2.9bis.1.

This subsection applies to the following activities:

the pre-treatment of liquid or silty industrial waste flows from external sources that produces waste water, and the treatment of that waste water;

the treatment of industrial waste water from external sources.


Article 5.2.2.9bis.2. With regard to channelled emission points of process components and operations that are covered and extracted, an emission limit value for the sum of organic substances of 20 mg/Nm³ in the discharged waste gas applies for volatile organic compounds with a vapour pressure of more than 13.3 kPa at a temperature of 35°C.

Subsection 5.2.2.10.
Establishments for the storage and processing of animal by-products that are considered waste materials


Article 5.2.2.10.1.

§ 1.

The establishment consists of a clean section and an unclean section, which are kept separate to prevent pollution or repollution of the finished products.

 

§ 2.

The unclean section of the company contains the areas in which the animal by-products are received, all production process treatment areas and the waste gas and waste water treatment installations.

 

§ 3.

The clean section of the company contains the storage and treatment areas for materials that have undergone a treatment in accordance with appendix IV of Regulation (EU) No 142/2011

 

§ 4.

The waste materials are processed in a sealed processing installation.


Waste materials acceptance.

Article 5.2.2.10.2. Translation not available

Layout and infrastructure.

Article 5.2.2.10.3.

§ 1.

Odour-laden waste gases are extracted at all points where they arise in the establishment and led off to an appropriate waste gas treatment installation. Waste gases are in any case extracted from the receiving area, the storage area and above the crushing or grinding installation.

 

§ 2.

[...]

 

§ 3.

The waste water must flow easily from the establishment to suitable collection pits.

 

§ 4.

The waste water is treated in an appropriate waste water treatment installation until compliant with the discharge standards and without causing odour nuisance.

 

§ 5.

Waste water originating from the unclean zone must - wherever practically possible - be treated to remove all pathogens.


Article 5.2.2.10.4. The procedures, methods and equipment used to sample the processed products are approved by the supervisory authority. The practical implementation of the sampling is approved in advance by a duly recognised laboratory as specified in Article 6, 5°, e) of VLAREL, unless the sampling is carried out by a duly recognised [...] laboratory itself.

Article 5.2.2.10.5. [...]

Article 5.2.2.10.6. [...]

The processing.

Article 5.2.2.10.7. [...]

Article 5.2.2.10.8. [...]

Article 5.2.2.10.9. [...]

Article 5.2.2.10.10. [...]

Requirements regarding hygiene for the final products.

Article 5.2.2.10.11. [...]

Monitoring.

Article 5.2.2.10.12. [...]

Article 5.2.2.10.13. [...]

Obligations of the authorities.

Article 5.2.2.10.14. [...]

Subsection 5.2.2.11.
Establishments for the treatment of waste materials within, or forming part of, a sewage treatment installation


Article 5.2.2.11.1. This subsection applies to establishments for the treatment of waste materials within, or forming part of, sewage treatment installations.

Article 5.2.2.11.2.

§ 1.

By way of derogation from Article 5.2.1.2, no weighbridge is required.

 

§ 2.

By way of derogation from Article 5.2.1.3., the work plan must only comprise:

 

the organisation of waste materials delivery;

the organisation of the processing of the delivered waste materials;

the organisation of the removal of waste materials;

the processing method for the delivered waste materials if the establishment is out of service (temporarily);

measures to be taken in the event of undesired side-effects and to prevent nuisance.

 

§ 3.

By way of derogation from Article 5.2.1.5., § 1, no signboard is required.


Subsection 5.2.2.12.
Thermal soil decontamination installations


Article 5.2.2.12.1.

This subsection applies to those installations specified in section 2.2.5 of the classification list that are designed to decontaminate excavated soil using heating processes.

 

For establishments licensed before 1 January 2012, the requirements specified in this subsection apply from 1 January 2015.


Article 5.2.2.12.2.

The following emission limit values apply to the discharged waste gases:

 

parameters

emission limit values for an oxygen level of 11%

 

daily average
in mg/Nm3

half-hour value
in mg/Nm3

CO

50

100

total dust particles

10

30

gaseous and volatile organic compounds, expressed in total organic carbon

10

20

gaseous inorganic chlorides, expressed in HCl

10

60

gaseous inorganic fluorides, expressed in HF

1

4

sulphur dioxide (SO2)

50

200

nitrogen oxides, expressed in NO2

200

400

mercury and mercury compounds, expressed as Hg

0.03

0.05

 

average over at least six hours and at most eight hours in ng TEQ/Nm³

dioxins and furans

0.1

 

Without prejudice to the other provisions of chapter 4.4, the concentration of the parameters specified in paragraph 1 are measured at least at the frequency specified below:

 

 

measurement frequency

CO, sulphur dioxides, nitrogen oxides

continuously

dioxins and furans

twice a year

the other parameters

every three months

 

[...]


Subsection 5.2.2.13.
Establishments for the storage and moist-heat treatment of infectious waste materials

Translation not available

Article 5.2.2.13.1. Translation not available

Article 5.2.2.13.2.

The decontamination installation is built, equipped and operated such that the waste materials are decontaminated as uniformly and completely as possible using moist heat. Techniques that work with dry heat are not permitted.


The conditions for temperature and pressure are described in appendix 5.2.2.13.A and 5.2.2.13.B.

 

The operating pressure of the equipment is adapted to the operating temperature, thereby ensuring at all times that the generated steam is saturated. The decontamination phase starts when the specified temperature and pressure are reached.


Only if all the provisions of the code of good practice specified in appendix 5.2.2.13.C are complied with can the decontamination be considered adequate.


Article 5.2.2.13.3.

The establishment consists of a clean section and an unclean section, which are kept separate in a suitable manner to prevent pollution or repollution of the finished products. The unclean section consists of the area for storing the untreated waste materials and the decontamination equipment. The clean section contains the storage of substances that have passed through the decontamination phase.


Infectious waste materials are processed as quickly as possible, and at least weekly. The processing frequency is matched to the storage capacity of the area where the waste is stored while awaiting decontamination.


Gases and vapours are passed through a HEPA filter before being emitted by the installation.


The decontamination installation meets the provisions of appendix 5.2.2.13.C.


The monitoring of the decontamination installation meets the provisions of appendix 5.2.2.13.C.


The recorded data are classified and kept available for perusal by the supervisor for two years.


The measuring equipment is regularly calibrated by the body or person responsible for maintenance. In case of abnormal operating conditions, precautions are taken in accordance with appendix 5.2.2.13.C.


Article 5.2.2.13.4.

The decontamination installation includes a maintenance programme and a maintenance protocol that at least contain the maintenance operations of appendix 5.2.2.13.C.


The decontamination installation is documented in a logbook that at least contains the information specified in appendix 5.2.2.13.C.


The process parameters that are recorded for each decontamination cycle and the results of the maintenance programme are kept available for perusal by the supervisor for at least two years.


Article 5.2.2.13.5.

§ 1.

The installation must pass the following inspections:

 

through an inspection at the time of commissioning, the operator shows that the installation operates according to the predetermined process parameters, the recording equipment has been correctly calibrated and there is adequate killing of pathogenic and/or genetically modified micro-organisms;

via a periodic inspection, the operator shows that the installation is still able to guarantee adequate killing of pathogenic and/or genetically modified micro-organisms. This inspection is initially carried out monthly. After a period of twelve months in which all monthly inspections deliver a favourable result, the inspection is carried out every three months;

following events that could affect the proper functioning of the installation, it is demonstrated by means of an exceptional inspection that this proper functioning remains guaranteed. This is done in any case after a repair, a malfunction and upon any significant change in the waste to be processed.


For the test-organism of biological indicators, traces are used of Bacillus subtilis, Geobacillus stearothermophilus or another organism that can be shown to have at least an equivalent resistance to decontamination with moist steam.

 

§ 2.

The reports of the prototype inspection, the inspection on commissioning and the protocols for periodic and exceptional inspections are validated by the technical expert. The validations are requested by the operator of the installation and are carried out at his/her expense.


These documents and the validation document are kept available for perusal by the supervisor.

 

The reports of the periodic and exceptional inspections, together with the logbook of maintenance, repairs and loading, are kept available in the installation for perusal by the supervisor for two years.


Article 5.2.2.13.6. Dangerous medical waste that has passed through a decontamination cycle is only released as solid non-dangerous medical waste materials if the recorded process parameters have been checked by the person responsible for the decontamination. For this he/she signs a release form that can be produced at the request of the registered collector. If the process parameters or the results of the biological inspection after the process differ from the regulations, the waste materials are treated as dangerous medical waste materials.

Article 5.2.2.13.7. Preventive measures for employees are taken in accordance with appendix 5.2.2.13.C.